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194 Cards in this Set

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ideology
观念学, 意识形态, 空论
idiocy
Extreme folly or stupidity.
白痴, 白痴的行为
ethos
民族精神, 风气, 社会思潮
fatuity
(fə-tū'ĭ-tē, -tyū'-, fă-)
fatuousness;
Smug stupidity; utter foolishness.
Something that is utterly stupid or silly
smug
self-righteously complacent;
self-satisfaction
ludicrous
可笑的, 荒唐的, 滑稽的;
farcical
farce
闹剧, 胡闹, 滑稽剧, 在穿插
idiosyncrasy
eccentricity (ĕk'sĕn-trĭs'ĭ-tē);
peculiarity (pĭ-kyū'lē-ăr'ĭ-tē, -kyūl-yăr'-);
quirk;
anomaly
idolatry
(ī-dŏl'ə-trē)
idolization
deify
(dē'ə-fī', dā'-)
奉为神, 敬如神, 祀为神
semble
To imitate;
to make a representation or likeness
dissemble
To disguise or conceal behind a false appearance
semblance
appearance
figment
Something invented, made up, or fabricated: just a figment of the imagination
imbibe
饮, 吸入, 吸取, 喝, 吸收水分
imbue
inspire;
charge;
Inculcate
反复灌输, 教育, 谆谆教诲
Immaculate
无污点的, 无瑕的, 纯洁的
immutable
Not subject or susceptible to change
mutate
变化, 产生突变, 使变异
impart
reveal;
bestow;
divulge;
let slip;
let the cat out of the bag; spill the beans;
tell all
impasse
(ĭm'păs')
A road or passage having no exit; a cul-de-sac.
A situation that is so difficult that no progress can be made; a deadlock or a stalemate: reached an impasse in the negotiations
impassive
emotionless;
aloof
aloof
疏远的, 冷淡的, 远离, 避开
impede
hinder
impediment
hindrance;
block
impel
compel;
egg on
impending
逼迫的, 悬空的, 迫切的;
looming;
brewing
imperil
(ĭm-pĕr'əl)
To put into peril. See synonyms at endanger.

peril
imperium
(ĭm-pîr'ē-əm)
n., pl. -pe·ri·a (-pîr'ē-ə).
帝权, 最高权力, 司法权, 统治权, 主权
imperious
Arrogantly domineering or overbearing. See synonyms at dictatorial.
pertinent
relevant
impertinent
irrelevant;
inappropriate
perturb
扰乱, 使心慌, 使混乱
impetus
An impelling force;
an impulse
impetuous
hasty;
impulsive
impinge
To collide or strike: Sound waves impinge on the eardrum.
To encroach; trespass: Do not impinge on my privacy.
placable
Easily calmed or pacified; tolerant
pla·cate
(plā'kāt', plăk'āt')
To allay the anger of, especially by making concessions; appease. See synonyms at pacify
exorable
flexible
plausible
貌似真实的, 貌似有理的, 花言巧语的, 貌似可信的;
credible;
likely
implore
beseech;
beg
deplore
refute;
decry
importune
v.
(ĭm'pôr-tūn', -tyūn', ĭm-pôr'chən)

adj.
Importunate
强求, 硬要, 纠缠, 强求的, 胡搅蛮缠的, 急切的, 讨厌的, 累赘的
imposing
Impressive
insolent
Presumptuous and insulting in manner or speech; arrogant.
Audaciously rude or disrespectful; impertinent.
impudent
(ĭm'pyə-dənt)
Characterized by offensive boldness; insolent or impertinent. See synonyms at shameless.
pregnable
Being such that attack, seizure, or capture is possible; vulnerable or assailable: a pregnable fortress.
impromptu
(ĭm-prŏmp'tū, -tyū)
With little or no preparation; extemporaneously
impugn
(ĭm-pyūn')
To attack as false or questionable; challenge in argument: impugn a political opponent's record.
impunity
(ĭm-pyū'nĭ-tē)
Exemption from punishment, penalty, or harm
impute
ascribe;
attribute;
blame
inane
(ĭn-ān')
One that lacks sense or substance: interrupting with inane comments; angry with my inane roommate.
incapacitate
disable
incarnate
(ĭn-kär'nĭt)
embody
incendiary
a. 放火的, 教唆的, 煽动的
n. 纵火犯人, 燃烧弹, 煽动者
incipient
(ĭn-sĭp'ē-ənt)
起初的, 初期的, 发端的
incisive
Penetrating, clear, and sharp, as in operation or expression: an incisive mind; incisive comments.
incite
To provoke and urge on: troublemakers who incite riots; inciting workers to strike. See synonyms at provoke.
incognito
(ĭn'kŏg-nē'tō, ĭn-kŏg'nĭ-tō')
With one's identity disguised or concealed
incubus
nightmare
Incubate
孵卵, 孵化, 培养, 温育, 酝酿, 孵蛋, 筑巢
incumbent
凭依的, 负有义务的, 依靠的, 现任者, 在职者, 领圣俸者, 教区牧师

idioms:

incumbent upon 负有职责的, 义不容辞的, 必须履行的
impetuous
hasty;
impulsive
impinge
To collide or strike: Sound waves impinge on the eardrum.
To encroach; trespass: Do not impinge on my privacy.
exorable
flexible
plausible
貌似真实的, 貌似有理的, 花言巧语的, 貌似可信的;
credible;
likely
defatigable
antonym:
indefatigable
fatigable
indefeasible
antonym:
defeasible
That which cannot be defeated, revoked, or made void. This term is usually applied to an estate or right that cannot be defeated
'delible
capable of being deleted
indelible
(ĭn-dĕl'ə-bəl)
Impossible to remove, erase, or wash away; permanent: indelible ink.
Making a mark not easily erased or washed away: an indelible pen for labeling clothing.
Unable to be forgotten; memorable: an indelible memory.
in·di·gence
(ĭn'dĭ-jəns)
n.
Poverty; neediness.
indigen
(ĭn'dĭ-jən, -jĕn')
One that is native or indigenous to an area.
(ĭn-dĭj'ə-nəs)
induce
persuade
劝诱, 导致, 促使
deduce
推论, 演绎出
educe
引出, 推断, 取出, 演绎
conduce
help to produce
有益, 导致, 有贡献于
excogitate
To consider or think (something) out carefully and thoroughly
indigent
impoverished;
poor
in·dig·ni·ty
(ĭn-dĭg'nĭ-tē)
轻蔑, 侮辱的行为, 侮辱
in·dig·na·tion
(ĭn'dĭg-nā'shən)
n.
Anger aroused by something unjust, mean, or unworthy. See synonyms at anger.
in·dig·nant
(ĭn-dĭg'nənt)
adj.
Characterized by or filled with indignation. See synonyms at angry.
In·dig·ni·fy
To treat disdainfully or with indignity
indisposed
disinclined;
unwilling
in·doc·tri·nate
(ĭn-dŏk'trə-nāt')
inculcate;
imbue with;
instill into;
To instruct in a body of doctrine or principles.
To imbue with a partisan or ideological point of view:
a generation of children who had been indoctrinated against the values of their parents.
in·do·lent
(ĭn'də-lənt)
adj.
懒惰的, 不痛的
Disinclined to exert oneself; habitually lazy. See synonyms at lazy.
Conducive to inactivity or laziness; lethargic: humid, indolent weather.

Causing little or no pain: an indolent tumor.
Slow to heal, grow, or develop; inactive: an indolent ulcer
domitable
That can be tamed.
do·mi·cal
(dō'mĭ-kəl, dŏm'ĭ-)
adj.
Shaped like or having a dome.
ineluctable
(ĭn'ĭ-lŭk'tə-bəl)
Not to be avoided or escaped; inevitable
in·ept
(ĭn-ĕpt')
不适当的, 笨拙的, 无能的
in·ert (ĭn-ûrt')
adj.
Unable to move or act.
Sluggish in action or motion; lethargic. See synonyms at inactive.
Chemistry. Not readily reactive with other elements; forming few or no chemical compounds.
Having no pharmacologic or therapeutic action.
惰性的, 无生命的, 迟钝的
idioms:
inert gas 惰性气体
phar·ma·col·o·gy
(fär'mə-kŏl'ə-jē)
n.
The science of drugs, including their composition, uses, and effects.
The characteristics or properties of a drug, especially those that make it medically effective.
inexorable
indefatigable';
relentless
fal·li·ble
(făl'ə-bəl)
adj.
Capable of making an error: Humans are only fallible.
Tending or likely to be erroneous: fallible hypotheses.
in·fa·mous
(ĭn'fə-məs)
adj.
Having an exceedingly bad reputation; notorious.
in·fer
(ĭn-fûr')
v.tr.
To conclude from evidence or premises.
inference
(ĭn'fər-əns)
speculation
in·fer·no (ĭn-fûr'nō)
阴间, 地狱
in·fer·nal (ĭn-fûr'nəl)
阴间的, 恶魔的
in·fest
(ĭn-fĕst')
To inhabit or overrun in numbers or quantities large enough to be harmful, threatening, or obnoxious: rats infesting the sewers; streets that were infested with drugs.
To live as a parasite in or on: livestock that were infested with tapeworms.
in·fil·trate
(ĭn-fĭl'trāt', ĭn'fĭl-)
penetrate
in·fin·i·tes·i·mal
(ĭn'fĭn-ĭ-tĕs'ə-məl)
adj.
Immeasurably or incalculably minute.
极小的, 无限小的, 极微的, 极小量, 无限小, 极微量

idioms:

infinitesimal calculus 微积分
infirm
feeble;
weak
infirmary
clinic;
hospital
inflame
使燃烧, 使愤怒, 使极度激动, 加剧, 着火, 发炎, 激动
inflammatory (ĭn-flăm'ə-tôr'ē, -tōr'ē)
adj.
Arousing passion or strong emotion, especially anger, belligerence, or desire.
Characterized or caused by inflammation
inflict
(ĭn-flĭkt')
施以, 科以, 加害
inflicted heavy losses on the enemy;
a storm that inflicted widespread damage.
afflict
(ə-flĭkt')
To inflict grievous physical or mental suffering on
influx
(ĭn'flŭks')
n.
A flowing in: an influx of foreign capital.
A mass arrival or incoming: an influx of visitors to the city; large influxes of refugees.
flux
flow
infract
(ĭn-frăkt')
To infringe; violate.
infuse
imbue
ingenious
(ĭn-jēn'yəs)
adj.
灵敏的, 聪明的, 精巧的
Marked by inventive skill and imagination.
ingrate
(ĭn'grāt')
n.
An ungrateful person.
ingratiate
(ĭn-grā'shē-āt')
To bring (oneself, for example) into the favor or good graces of another, especially by deliberate effort: She quickly sought to ingratiate herself with the new administration
inhospitable
cold
inimical (ĭ-nĭm'ĭ-kəl)
adj.
hostile;
unfriendly
iniquitous
(ĭ-nĭk'wĭ-təs)
adj.
Characterized by iniquity; wicked
iniquity
(ĭ-nĭk'wĭ-tē)
不正, 不正当行为, 不法
unfair
Gross immorality or injustice; wickedness.
A grossly immoral act; a sin.
injudicious
(ĭn'jū-dĭsh'əs)
adj.
Lacking or showing a lack of judgment or discretion; unwise.
injunction
(ĭn-jŭngk'shən)
n.
The act or an instance of enjoining; a command, directive, or order.
Law. A court order prohibiting a party from a specific course of action
injurious
(ĭn-jʊr'ē-əs)
harmful
inkling
(ĭng'klĭng)
n.
A slight hint or indication.
A slight understanding or vague idea or notion
innards
entrails
innocuous
(ĭ-nŏk'yū-əs)
adj.
Having no adverse effect; harmless.
Not likely to offend or provoke to strong emotion; insipid.
insipid
(ĭn-sĭp'ĭd)
dull;
lack of taste
Insipient
a.
Wanting wisdom; stupid; foolish.
insipience
A lack of intelligence
inoculate
vaccinate;
indoctrinate
inopportune
(ĭn-ŏp'ər-tūn', -tyūn')
adj.
Inappropriate or ill-timed; not opportune.
abscissa
(ăb-sĭs'ə)
n.
The coordinate representing the position of a point along a line perpendicular to the y-axis in a plane Cartesian coordinate system.
ordinate
(ôr'dn-ĭt, -āt')
adj.
Arranged in regular rows, as the spots on the wings of an insect.

n.
(Symbol y) The plane Cartesian coordinate representing the distance from a specified point to the x-axis, measured parallel to the y-axis.
inordinate
(ĭn-ôr'dn-ĭt)
adj.
Exceeding reasonable limits; immoderate. See synonyms at excessive.
Not regulated; disorderly.
scrutiny
(skrūt'n-ē)
A close, careful examination or study.
Close observation; surveillance.
scrutinize
(skrūt'n-īz')
To examine or observe with great care; inspect critically.
scrutable
(skrū'tə-bəl)
adj.
Capable of being understood through study and observation; comprehensible.
inscrutable
(ĭn-skrū'tə-bəl)
adj.
Difficult to fathom or understand; impenetrable. See synonyms at mysterious.
fathom
come to understand
insidious
隐伏的, 狡猾的, 阴险的
insinuate
(ĭn-sĭn'yū-āt')
v.tr.
To introduce or otherwise convey (a thought, for example) gradually and insidiously. See synonyms at suggest.
To introduce or insert (oneself) by subtle and artful means.
v.intr.
To make insinuations.
sinuous
弯弯曲曲的, 乖僻的, 迂回的
convex
(kŏn'vĕks', kən-vĕks')
adj.
Having a surface or boundary that curves or bulges outward, as the exterior of a sphere.
concave
(kŏn-kāv', kŏn'kāv')
adj.
Curved like the inner surface of a sphere.
n.
A concave surface, structure, or line.
sinuate
(sĭn'yū-ĭt, -āt')
To bend or curve; wind in and out: a road that sinuates through the Alps.

adj. also sin·u·at·ed (-ā'tĭd)
Having a wavy indented margin, as a leaf.
insomnia
sleeplessness
insouciant
(ĭn-sū'sē-ənt, ăN'sū-syäN')
adj.
Marked by blithe unconcern; nonchalant.
participle
分词
nonchalant
(nŏn'shə-länt')
Not easily excited, even under pressure

Seeming to be coolly unconcerned or indifferent. See synonyms at cool
insouciance
carefree
instigate
(ĭn'stĭ-gāt')
To urge on; goad.
To stir up; foment.
insular
isolated;
lonely
insulin
drug
insurrection
rebellion
revolt
superable
(sū'pər-ə-bəl)
adj.
Possible to overcome; surmountable: superable problems.
surmount
overcome;
conquer
insuperable
Impossible to overcome; insurmountable: insuperable odds.
intangible
impalpable;
untouchable
intelligible
understandable
inter
bury;
inhume;
entomb
intercede
mediate;
arbitrate
intercede
To plead on another's behalf;
To act as mediator in a dispute.
interlope
intrude;
meddle
meddle
To intrude into other people's affairs or business; interfere. See synonyms at interfere.
interlude
(ĭn'tər-lūd')
幕间, 插曲, 幕间时间
recess;
interval
spasm
(spăz'əm)
n.
A sudden, involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles;
A sudden burst of energy, activity, or emotion.
痉挛, 抽搐, 一阵发作
spasmodic
(spăz-mŏd'ĭk)
adj.
Relating to, affected by, or having the character of a spasm; convulsive.
Happening intermittently; fitful: spasmodic rifle fire.
Given to sudden outbursts of energy or feeling; excitable

痉挛的, 间歇性的
convulsion
(kən-vŭl'shən)
n.
An intense, paroxysmal, involuntary muscular contraction.
An uncontrolled fit, as of laughter; a paroxysm.
Violent turmoil: “The market convulsions of the last few weeks have shaken the world” (Felix Rohatyn).

震动, 动乱, 震撼
paroxysm
(păr'ək-sĭz'əm)
A sudden outburst of emotion or action: a paroxysm of laughter.

A sudden attack, recurrence, or intensification of a disease.
A spasm or fit;
a convulsion
发作, 突发
fit
(fĭt)
n.
Medicine.
A seizure or convulsion, especially one caused by epilepsy.
The sudden appearance of a symptom such as coughing or sneezing.
A sudden outburst of emotion: a fit of jealousy.
A sudden period of vigorous activity.
epilepsy
癫痫, 羊痫风
internecine
(ĭn'tər-nĕs'ēn', -ĭn, -nē'sīn')
互相残杀的, 致命的, 两败俱伤的
interstellar
(ĭn'tər-stĕl'ər)
adj.
Between or among the stars: interstellar gases.
intractable
stubborn
intransigent
also
intransigeant
(ĭn-trăn'sə-jənt, -zə-)
adj.
Refusing to moderate a position, especially an extreme position; uncompromising.
introspection
(ĭn'trə-spĕk'shən)
n.

in'tro·spect' v.
in'tro·spec'tion·al adj.
in'tro·spec'tive (-tĭv) adj.
Contemplation of one's own thoughts, feelings, and sensations; self-examination.
introvert
性格内向的人, 性格内向的, 使内向, 内省, 使内弯
extravert
extrovert
性格外向者, 外倾性的, 好社交的
inundate
flood;
drown
inure
enure
(ĭn-yʊr')
使习惯
habituate
invective
(ĭn-vĕk'tĭv)
n.
Denunciatory or abusive language;
vituperation.
Denunciatory or abusive expression or discourse.
inverse
inverted;
reversed
inveterate
chronic
根深的, 积习的, 成癖的
invidious
(ĭn-vĭd'ē-əs)
adj.
Tending to rouse ill will, animosity, or resentment: invidious accusations.
Containing or implying a slight; discriminatory: invidious distinctions.
Envious.
[From Latin invidiōsus, envious, hostile, from invidia, envy. See envy
invoke
v
祈求, 实行, 恳求
invocation
v
祈祷, 符咒
irascible
(ĭ-răs'ə-bəl, ī-răs'-)
adj.
Prone to outbursts of temper; easily angered.
Characterized by or resulting from anger
irate
(ī-rāt', ī'rāt'
angry
ire
(īr)
n.
Anger; wrath. See synonyms at anger.
wrath
(răth, räth)
anger
vin·dic·tive
(vĭn-dĭk'tĭv)
adj.
Disposed to seek revenge; revengeful
irksome
(ûrk'səm)
adj.


irksomely irk'some·ly adv.
irksomeness irk'some·ness n.
Causing annoyance, weariness, or vexation;
tedious: irksome restrictions.
See synonyms at boring.
irreparable
(ĭ-rĕp'ər-ə-bəl)
adj.
Impossible to repair, rectify, or amend: irreparable harm; irreparable damages
itinerant
(ī-tĭn'ər-ənt, ĭ-tĭn'-)
adj.
Traveling from place to place, especially to perform work or a duty: an itinerant judge; itinerant labor.

n.
One who travels from place to place
itinerary
(ī-tĭn'ə-rĕr'ē, ĭ-tĭn'-)
A route or proposed route of a journey