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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Insulin promotes glycogen ___________.
synthesis
Insulin increases ________ uptake by the cells
glucose
Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 is the _________ of insulin production.
-REDUCTION (total absense of insulin secretion
Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 is insulin __________.
-dependent
Mellitus TYPE 1 is _________ disorder
autoimmune disorder(destruction of insulin producing cells)
Treatment for Type 1 is a combination and balance of 1. insulin _______
2. CHO ___________
3. Exercise
1. insulin therapy
2. CHO counting
Reactive Hypoglycemia occurs 2-4 hours after _______.
eating a meal
Reactive hypoglycemia possibly due to ________ of insulin
over secretion
Fasting hypoglycemia usually caused by ________.
pancreatic cancer
Fasting hypoglycemia leads to __________.
over production of insulin
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 accounts for ________.
majority of cases of DM
-genetic link
Type 2 strongly associated with excess ________.
body fatness- 70% are overweight or obese
Type 2- defective insulin receptors on the _____.
cells
muscle cells
Type 2 is ________ of insulin to compensate
-leads to beta cells failure
over secretion
Type 2 Treatment
diet therapy
weight loss
exercise
medication
STORING GLUCOSE AS FAT- the _____ is the primary site of fatty acid synthesis in the body.
liver
Saccharin (1879), 450*sweeter than _________.
sucrose
Excessive intake of Saccharin is linked to ___________.
bladder cancer
Saccharin Acceptable intake is
5mg/kg body weight
Aspartame is ______ times sweeter than sucrose
180-200
Aspartame is also known as
nutri sweet
Aspartame-__kcal/gm but only a trace amount is needed to sweeten foods.
4
Aspartame is not ______.
heat stable
Acceptable intake of ASPARTAME=
50mg/kg body weight
not recommended for people with phenylketonuria
Acesulfame-K is also known as _______, and is the newest sugar substitute
Sunette
Acesulfame K is ___ times stronger than sucrose
200
Acesulfame is not _______
digested by the body
Acesulfame is heat _____
stable
Acesulfame is a ________ used in baking.
Diabetisweet
Acceptable intake of ACESULFAME-K is
15 mg/kg body weight
Sucralose aka _____. is 600 times sweeter than sucrose.
Splenda
_______ substitute chlorines for hydroxyl groups on sucrose
Sucralose
Sucralose is heat stable, and a tiny amount is _____.
digested
________ acceptable intake is 500 mg/kg body weight.
Sucralose
Sugar alcohols are in many sugar free foods, and also used a lot in _______.
liquid medicines
Sugar alcohols- ______kcal.g
1.5-3
Sugar alcohols are absorbed and metabolized________, and include sorbitol, mannitol, maltitol, xylitol, and lactitol.
slower