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49 Cards in this Set

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Hypertension
Medical definition for High Blood Pressure
True or False: The most common cause of high blood pressure is kidney disease
False. About 90–95% of high blood pressure patients develop the condition for unknown reasons. Kidney disease is one of several known causes for high blood pressure, but it is relatively uncommon compared to the vast majority of cases that arise for unknown reasons. When the cause is unknown, risk factors include smoking, obesity, lack of exercise, family history of high blood pressure, diabetes and advanced a
High blood pressure puts additional strain on which of the following parts of the body?
Heart
Blood vessels
Kidneys
True or false: African Americans are at greater risk of developing high blood pressure than white Americans
True
In contrast with both black Africans and white Americans, African Americans are more likely to be diagnosed with high blood pressure (hypertension).
True or False: Blood pressure of less than 140 over 90 is considered a normal blood pressure reading for adults
True
True or false: High blood pressure causes symptoms in most people
False
True or False: High blood pressure is hereditary, so there is nothing you can do to reduce your chances of getting it.
False
Ture or False: Medications to treat hypertension can be discontinued once your blood pressure returns to normal.
False
True or False: The diagnosis of hypertension is generally made after several elevated blood pressure readings are recorded.
True
What other major risk factors other than high blood pressure for heart disease and stroke are:
High cholesterol
Smoking
Family history of heart disease
If you or a close blood relative has high blood pressure, you have a higher risk of stroke. Name one of the warning signs of a stroke?
Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
Sudden, severe headache with no known cause
The cholesterol in our bodies comes from what:
Our own bodies and mostly animal fats. A significant amount of the cholesterol in our blood and body tissues comes from our diets, our liver in the body produces cholesterol separate from our dietary intake
What percentage of the calories in the average diet comes from fat?
Approximately 40% of the calories in the average comes from fat.
How many grams of fat should I eat daily?
The average adult man needs no more than 90 grams of fat daily and the average adult woman requires no more than 65 grams of fat daily. Cutting back on saturated fats you eat will help tremendously in controlling your cholesterol.
What is the daily required amount of protein needed in your diet?
Ten to fifteen percent of calories in the diet comes from protein
How much carbohydrates should one have in their daily diet?
Carbohydrates provide approximately 60% of energy intake.
Your Blood cholesterol increases with age; if you are between 18-29 years, what should your cholesterol level be?
If you are 18-29yrs. of age, you're cholesterol should be less than 4.6mmol/L.
If you are 30 years+, you cholesterol should be less than?
If you are 30 years or older, your cholesterol should be less than 5.21 mmol/L.
True or false: You don't need your cholesterol levels checked until after 30 years of age.
FALSE Persons under the age of Thirty may have inherited a high level of cholesterol in their blood,which can lead to eary heart disease. Having a good family history done by your doctor and having a blood test done for cholesterol level will help with proper preventive health care.
True or False: I'm at my ideal body weight, therefore I don't have a cholesterol problem
FALSE Having your ideal weight maintained and exercising on a regular basis will certainly benefit you physically and emotionally, unfortunately your cholesterol levels may increase because of other factors, such as a positive family history. The best way to know for sure is to have a blood cholesterol level done by your doctor.
Name a risk factor that may affect my "Bad" Cholesterol levels.
Smoking
Sedentary Lifestyle
Alchohol
Stress
True or False: A healthy adult blood pressure is 140/90.
FALSE Normal blood pressure in an adult is less than 120/80
True or False: high blood pressure can cause damage to the brain, eyes, kidneys, and blood vessels.
TRUE
High blood pressure can seriously damage your body without your knowing it -- until it's too late to do much about it. The potential consequences include: stroke, vision problems, kidney failure, heart attack, and congestive heart failure.
True or False: Blood pressure can often be lowered by reducing sodium (salt) intake.
True. Sodium intake promotes water retention, which can add to the blood volume and subsequently, raise blood pressure
True or False: Usually hypertension causes no symptoms. However, if blood pressure readings are very high, there may be headaches and fatigue (a tired feeling).
True. Because hypertension damages the brain, heart, and kidneys, as well as arteries throughout the body.
True or False: Americans eat two to three times more salt and sodium than they need.
True. Americans eat way too much salt and sodium. And some people, such as many African Americans, are especially sensitive to salt. Salt is made of sodium and chloride, and it's mostly the sodium that affects blood pressure. Salt is only one form of sodium -- there are others. So you need to watch your use of both salt and sodium. That includes what's added to foods at the table and in cooking, and what's already in processed foods and snacks. Americans, especially people with high blood pressure, should eat no more than about 6 grams of salt a day, which contains about 2,400 milligrams of sodium.
True or False: If you're overweight, you are two to six times more likely to develop high blood pressure.
True. As weight increases, so does blood pressure. It's important to stay at a healthy weight. If you need to reduce, try to lose 1/2 to 1 pound a week. Choose foods low in fat (especially saturated fat), since fat is high in calories. Even if you're at a good weight, the healthiest way to eat is low fat, low cholesterol.
True or False: A total cholesterol level of less than 200 mg/dl is desirable.
True
True or False: Eating saturated fat is what raises cholesterol levels the most.
True
True or False: HDLs (high-density lipids) are considered the good cholesterol.
True
True or False: Drinking alcohol lowers blood pressure.
Drinking too much alcohol can raise blood pressure. If you drink, the best current recommendation is that men have no more than two drinks a day, and that women have no more than one drink a day. A drink would be 1.5 ounces of 80-proof whiskey, or 5 ounces of wine, or 12 ounces of beer.
True or False: Hot tubs and saunas are dangerous for people with high blood pressure. True or false?
false: People who have high blood pressure and no symptoms should be fine indulging in an occasional hot tub or sauna. But you shouldn’t ever mix hot tubs with alcohol, and of course, check with your doctor first if you have concerns.
True or False: Hypertension affects approximately 50 million Americans
True
Cutting down on what nutrient may help control hypertension?
Cutting down on the sodium in your diet may help to lower blood pressure. For some people, decreasing sodium, or salt, intake can help them control hypertension. Your doctor may recommend limiting sodium as a treatment method.
How much lower in calories is a "reduced-calorie" food than the "regular" version?
The FDA sets the standard that reduced-calorie foods must be at least 25 percent lower in calories than the same regular version food.
How long will it take you to lose 10 pounds if you eat 250 calories less than you burn each day?
Twenty weeks: This is actually a great payoff for a very small adjustment in eating habits!
For effective weight loss, experts say you should spend at least how much time each day exercising?
Just 30 minutes of aerobic exercise each day will help you reach your target weight.
To help keep your body from storing fat, you should avoid eating carbohydrates and fats at the same meal.
Separating carbohydrates from fats at mealtime offers no metabolic advantages (International Journal of Obesity).
Give a warning sign of a heart attack:
Uncomfortable pressure, fullness, squeezing pain in the center of the chest lasting more than a few minutes
Pain spreading to the shoulders, neck or arms
Chest discomfort with lightheadedness, fainting, sweating, nausea or shortness of breath
TGive a warning sign of a Stroke:
Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
When someone is being treated for high blood pressure, the goal is to get blood pressure levels under what?
140/90
True or False: HDL cholesterol is good cholesterol and higher levels of it may reduce the risk of heart attack and strokes.
True: HDL cholesterol is also called "good cholesterol" because it helps protect against heart disease. The higher your level of HDL, the better your level of risk. Exercise, diet and some cholesterol medications can all raise HDL levels.
TRUE OR FALSE. I SHOULD GET MY BLOOD PRESSURE CHECKED EVERY SIX MONTHS.
False. Unless you think you have hypertension or you have had hypertension before. It’s fine to have your blood pressure checked only once a year.”
You have HBP if you have these symptoms: blurry vision, chest pains or headache. True or False
False. HBP does not cause symptoms unless it is severely high. In fact, nearly one-third of people who have HBP don't know it.
If you're overweight, how much weight will you need to lose to see improvement in your high blood pressure?
Ten pounds is usually all it takes to make a difference in your blood pressure. Your ultimate goal is a healthy body mass index (BMI).
A sign of a stroke might be:
a. one-sided weakness, numbness, or inability
to move muscles
b. sudden blindness or blurred vision in one
or both eyes
c. slurring or garbled speech or the inability to speak
d. sudden difficulty understanding words or statements
Factors that increase the risk of having a stroke may include:
a. smoking
b. high blood pressure
c. have had previous stroke warning signs
d. heart disease
e. high blood cholesterol
f. diabetes
Atherosclerosis is:
hardening of the arteries.
Atherosclerosis is a process by which fatty substances build up inside the walls of blood vessels. Blood components also stick onto the surface inside vessel walls. The vessels narrow and "harden," becoming less flexible. The build up and narrowing proceed gradually and result in decreasing blood flow and, eventually, the development of heart disease symptoms.
True or False: Women who smoke are two to six times as likely to suffer a heart attack as nonsmoking women
True: Smoking is one of the worst things you can do to your heart, and the risk increases with the number of cigarettes smoked per day.