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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Three categories of lipoproteins
VLDL
LDL
HDL
Which has a higher % of protein & less lipids & removes cholesterol from blood & delivers to liver?
HDL
Name 4 categories of hypolipidemic drugs
Statins (HMG-CaA reductase inhibitors
Bile Acid sequestrants
Fibrates (fibric acid)
Nicotinic Acid
Which category has rhabdomyolysis as side effect?
Statins
Which has constipation & fecal impaction as s/e?
Bile acid sequestrants
Which has diarrhea, possible gull stones?
Fibric Acids
Which raises blood sugar?
Fibric Acids
Which causes vasodilation, flushing, warm skin?
Nicotinic Acid
Which causes itchy, tingly skin & headaches?
Nicotinic acid
How do you figure cardiac risk?
Divide total cholesterol by the HDL. Total should be 5 or below.
WHat is desirable total cholesterol level?
<200 mg/dL
What's the optimal level for LDL?
<100
What's optimal level for HDL?
60 mg/dL or more
Acceptable level for triglycerides?
<150 mg/dL
cholestyramine resin (Questran)
Bile-Acid Sequestrants
colestipol HCl (Colestid)
Bile-Acid Sequestrangs
clofibrate (Atromid-S)
Fibrates (Fibric Acid)
gemfibrozil (Lopid)
Fibrates (Fibric Acid)
nicotinic acid (Niacin)
Nicotinic Acid
Watch for what s/e with all cholesterol meds?
Increased liver enzymes
What tests should be done to monitor during cholesterol med administration?
ALT, AST, alkaline phosphatase
atorvastatin calcium (Lipitor)
Statins (HMG-CaA Reductase Inhibitor)
lovastatin (Mevacor)
Statins (HMG-CaA Reductase Inhibitor)
rosuvastatin calcium (Crestor)
Statins (HMG-CaA Reductase Inhibitor)
simvastatin (Zocor)
Statins (HMG-CaA Reductase Inhibitor)
Vytorin (Ezetimibe/Simvastatin)
Combination Anticholesterol Drug