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10 Cards in this Set

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_____ _____is characterized by intermittent dystonic contractions of the neck muscles which cause an involuntary turning of the head.
The head also tilts upward.
Likely caused by basal ganglia neuron degeneration, causing speech that is slow, mildly unintelligible, and lower in pitch.
spasmodic torticollis.
_______ Syndrome is a rare idiopathic disease.
Major symptoms are repetitive eyeblinking and abnormal (dystonic) facial movements. First appears in middle age and gets progressively worse.
Dysarthria is the result of strong dystonic facial movements.
Meige’s syndrome
How does Botox work?
Botox is injected into the muscle and reduce dystonic contractions in affected muscles for several months.
Contrast the articulation errors in A. chorea from those of
B. dystonia.
A.Articulation: Common articulatory errors are imprecise consonants, distorted vowels and PROLONGED PHONEMES.
Two most prevalent errors were prolonged intervals between syllables and words and variable rate of speech.

B. imprecise consonants and distorted vowels
What causes the excessive movement in hyperkinetic disorders?
What is well established is that too much dopamine released into the basal ganglia has an excitatory effect on movement.
Similarly, too much acetylcholine in the basal ganglia also has an excitatory effect on movement.
In either condition, hyperkinetic movements can be the result (Freed, 2005).
How do bite blocks work to improve articulation?
Bite blocks can be used to stabilize the jaw during speech when clients exhibit focal dystonia. A bite clock is a small cube of plastic.
Which hyperkinetic disorders affect prosody significantly?
What is the affected gene in Huntington’s disease?
______ _____is a movement disorder that can cause chronic movements in the face, mouth, and neck.
Caused by long-term use of antipsychotic (neuroleptic) drugs.

appears more in women and in older persons.
tardive dyskinesia?
______ ______ is involuntary, vigorous and active (in most persons) vocal fold movements during phonation.
Voice quality is often strained and effortful.
Breathiness or aphonia may appear.

Possibly related to a basal ganglia disorder, the dysphonia disappears during nonlinguistic vocalizations.
Describe spasmodic dysphonia.