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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
2.4 mya, oldest
single blow of 2 rock against another to create sharp edge flakes made from crystalline stone (knew rock types); flakes made from single core stone
Homo habilis
East central africa
1.5 mya, homo ergaster and homo erectus
chip stone from both sides for symmetrical cutting; required stregnth and skill
teardrop used as hand axes
200,000-40,000 years ago
Europe, Near East, Africa
blade is struck off, shape rock before striking it
more labor intensive; edges could be reshaped and sharpend
specialized shapes
Upper Paleolithic
40,000-12,000 years ago
Asia, Africa
greatery complexity, adaptations to specific materials, hunting of different ecologies and social economies
hand and brain co-productive of evolutionary change
complex tool making= fine motor skills, task solving, planning
influenced frontal lobe
=New Stone Age
hunter gatherers began to farm, THE major break in history; led to settling, larger populations, more tools
Neolithic cultures
some highly centralized; god-kings or priest kings; bureacracies with writing systems, militaries; coerced labor
Bronze Age
copper, tin, gold locted at surface outcroppings, easily mined, soft
hammered into arrowheads, cooking pots, bronze, jewerly

clay still more important
Neolithic classes
ppl who didnt work with hands= top of heirarchy; having other hands at ur service
slavery: people as machines
labor intensive and craft intensive
extraordinary techinical and architecture accomplishments
Great Pyramid largest solid stone structure ever built
engineers understood math
large state run projects= surplus of idle workers available
Greece, science vs. technology
seen as entirely separate activites
Science= elite citizens with leisure time who rejected practical applications of their work
Engineers= artisans, skilled but socially inferior; sometimes slaves
mind work vs. hand work
all practical work assocaited with slavery... making and doing was associated with slavery; scientists not curious about it

to know how something was done, had to mingle with slaves
dis incentives with technology
-slaves= no ned for mechanics
-no conception that technical change=wealth (no capitalism)
-no literacy among artisan class
-artisans guarded technical knowledge as trade secrets (knowledge not passed on)
Antikythera Mechanism
bronze greek astronomical clock
only discovered cuz of shipwreck, no written record
model of how sun, moon, planets moved in relation to each other
Roman technology
military centered culture: techn. advancement began when with things slaves couldnt do
Archimedes Screw
1st practical invention can attribute to specific inventor

wring water from 1 place to another