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38 Cards in this Set

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22nd Amendment
Limits presidental term to two terms or two plus finishing term of predecessor
25st Amendment
Provides for presidential disability and succession
appointment power
President can appoint, with advice and consent of the Senate, "Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other Officers of the US whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law". President appoints members of his/her cabinet and stress loyalty above all other qualities
articles of impeachment
The specific charges brought against a president or a federal judge by the House of Representatives
Cabinet
The formal body of presidential advisers who head the fiteen executive departments
Chief of Staff
The head of the staff of the White House, works closely with the President
choice of vice-president
Sometimes choosen to balance the presidential ticket either geographically, politically or some other way.
commander-in-chief
the US President
Congressional dominance period of presidency
1804-1933 Congress was the most powerful branch of the government.
congressionalist
One who believes that Article II's provision that the president should ensure "faithful execution of the laws" should be read as an injunction against substitution presidential authority for legislative intent
convening power
The president has the power to convene either or both houses of Congress on "extraoridnary Occasions." This power was important when Congress did not sit in nearly year-round sessions. Today this power has little more than symbolic significance.
EOP
Executive Office of the President. Established in 1939 to help the president oversee the bureaucracy. It provides the president with a general staff to help him direct the diverse activities of the executive branch. It has expanded over time to include advisory and policy-making agencies and task forces. It has become more responsive to individual presidents than to the executive branch as an institution. Important members of the EOP are the National Security Council, the Council of Economic Advisers, the Office of Management and Budget, and the Office of the Vice President.
Gramm-Rudman Act of 1985
Also called the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Reduction Act. The act outlined debt ceilings and targeted a balanced budget for 1993.
impeachment
The power delegated to the House of Representatives in the Constitution to charge the president, vice president, or other "civil officers," including federal judges, with "Treason, Bribery, or other High Crimes and Misdemeanors." This is the first step in
Imperial presidency
The fear that the president will become to powerfull.
inherent powers
president’s powers that can be derived/inferred from Constitution
line-item veto
idea supported by presidents as early as Grant (1870s) and granted by Congress in 1996; intended so that presidents could take out the pork-barrel sections of the bill and leave the rest intact; Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional in 1998 because such an amount of power can only be reassigned through a constitutional amendment
Louiiana Purchase
: 1803 land purchase and grand expansion of the U.S.
modern period of presidency
Due to the change in times and technology, the public's expectations of the president have also changed to expect that in a crisis the president will be the individual to act quickly and decisively on behalf of the entire nation, rather than Congress which is too slow to respond to fast-changing events. The 20th and 21st centuries marked a shift in federal decision making, from congressional to presidential, as seen best by FDR's New Deal.
New Deal
The name given to the program of "Relief, Recovery, Reform" begun by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933 designed to bring the United States out of the Great Depression.
order of presidential succession
In the event that the president would be either forced to resign or die while in office, his line of succession would be: 1. The Vice President 2. The Speaker of the House of Representatives 3. The President pro tempore of the Senate 4. Secretaries of state, treasury, and defense, and other Cabinet heads in order of the creation of their departments.
patronage
Jobs, grants, or other special favors that are given to as rewards to friends amd political allies for their support.
Pentagon Papers
a.k.a New York Times Co. v. U.S. The Supreme Court ruled that any attempt to by the government to prevent expression carried "a heavy presumption" against its constitutionality.
POTUS
President of the United States.
power to persuade
Formal powers are not enough to make a successful president. He must also be able to exercise informal powers such as persuasion. Such political skills are not found in all presidents but are found in all successful presidents.
presidential approval ratings
Presidential popularity tends to be cyclical. Their first months in office are termed a honeymoon period when the public and the media are generally positive about the president. Usually, popularity begins to wane after this honeymoon and few presidents end their term with approval above 50%. Clinton was an exception. He ended his second term with historically high approval ratings.
presidential pardon
While Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution places no limitations on the president's power to grant or deny pardons, the Justice Department's U.S. Pardon Attorney prepares a recommendation for the president on each application for presidential "clemency," including pardons, commutations of sentences, remissions of fines, and reprieves.
presidential style
Using style to his advantage, a president can successfully lobby Congress to pass his agenda
presidentialist
One who believes that Article II's grant of executive power is a broad grant of authority and power allowing a president wide discretionary powers.
press conferences
More than one press conference.
Press Secretary
Official in charge of publicity.
qualifications for presidency
The Constitution requires that the president must be: 35 years old, 14 years a U.S. Resident, a natural born citizen.
stewardship theory
The theory that holds that Article II confers on the president the power and the duty to take whatever actions are deemed necessary in the national interest, unless prohibited by the Constitution or by law.
Taftian theory
The theory that holds that the president is limited by the specific grants of the executive power found in the Constitution.
treaty power
Legally binding agreement between two nations. United States treaties are generally negotiated by the President and must be ratified by the Senate.
US v. Nixon (1974)
in a case involving president Nixon’s refusal to turn over tape recordings of his conversations, the court ruled that executive privilege doesn’t grant the president an absolute right to secure all presidential documents
veto power
The authorized power of a president to reject legislation passed by Congress.
War Powers Act
The 1973 WAR POWERS ACT requires the president to consult with Congress before deploying troops abroad for more than 60 days in Peacetime