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45 Cards in this Set

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The belief that the forces of Nature are inhabited by spirits
Animism
The sum total of those things (including traions, techniques, material goods, and symbol systems ) that people have invented, developed, and transmitted.
Culture
("wedge-shaped") one of humankind's earliest writing systems, consisting of wedge-shaped marks impressed into clay by means of a reed stylus.
Cuneiform
A stone tomb formed by two posts capped by a lintel
Dolmen
(Greek, "scared sign") the pictorgraphic script of ancient Egypt
Hieroglyph
Any of a family of bipedal primate mammals, including modern humans and their ancestors, the earliest of which is Australopithecus
Hominid
A sign that represents an idea or a thing
Ideogram
(Also French, Cire-Perdu) a method of metal cassting in which a figure is modeled inwax, then enclosed in a clay mold that is fired; the wax melts, and molten metal is poured into replace it, finally the clay mold is removed and the solid metal form is polished
Lost Wax Method
A large, roughly shaped stone, often used in ancient architectural construction
Megalith
A sign that represents a sound
Phonogram
a pictorial symbol used in humankind's earliest systems of writing
Pictograph
Having many or various colors
Polychrome
The simplest form of architectrual construction, consisting of vertical memebers (posts) and supporting horizontals (lintyels)
Post-and-Lintel
The study of history before written records
prehistory
an upright stone slab or pillar
Stele
A set of rules or standards used to establish proportions
Canon
The theory of the origins, evolution, and sturcture of the universe
Cosmology
A sequence of rulers from the same family
Dynasty
(Italian, "Fresh") a method of painting on walls or ceilings suraced with fresh, moist, lime plaster.
Fresco
A hall whose roof is supported by columns
Hypostyle
Literally "accompanied by the lyre", hence, verse that is meant to be sung rather than spoken; usually characterized by individual and personal emotion
Lyric
Early rectangular Egyptian tomb with sloping sides and a flat roof
Mastaba
A unit of measurement used to determine proportion
Module
A single or sole ruler
monarch
A tall, four sided pillar that tapers to a pyramidal apex
Obelisk
A reed-like plant from which the ancient Egyptians made paper
Papyrus
The belief in many gods
Polytheism
A massive gateway in the form of a pair of truncated pyramids
pylon
A four sided structure rising to a peak
Pyramid
A sculptural techniques in which figures or forms are carved either to project from the background surface (rased relief) or cut away below the background level (sunk relief); the degree of relieft is designated as high, low, or sunken.
Relief
A figure of speech in which two unlike things are compared
Simile
Rule by god or god's representative
Theocracy
A type of music in which two or more groups of voices or instruments alternate with one another.
Antiphonal
The chief singer of the liturgy
Cantor
Contract; the bond between the Hebrew people and their god
Covenant
A state achieved miltarily by the unification of territories under a single sovereign power
Empire
A long narrative poem that recounts the deeds of a legendary or historical hero in his quest for meaning or identity
Epic
The rituals for public worship
Liturgy
A seven branched candelabrum
Menorah
The belief in one and only one god
Monotheism
A type of music in which a single voice answers another voice or a chorus
Responsory
A trumpet made of a ram's horn, used to summon Jews to prayer
Shofar
The Jewish house for worship and religous study
Synagogue
(Hebrew, "ionstruction, ", "law", or "teaching") the first five bookds of the Hebrew Bible; Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy
Torah
A terraced tower of rubble and brick that served ancient Mesopotamians as a temple-Shrine
Ziggurat