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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Postivism
-applies to the scientific method to the study of society
+utopian b/c it creates a better society (looked at data)
+Social sciences born (pschology, ect)
Realism
-Movement that streesed common people in common situations/external observable truth
Naturalism
-Theory that human behavior is determined by one's social environment
+Blank slate idea
+Get away from human nature is corrupt
Vissarion Belinksy
-against romantism=emotion, ideals
-He wants literature, art, ect to reflect life as it is
+close union of art with life
-Truth is beauty
Emile Zola
-People are not alone they live in society
+Importance of being a social being is that is makes ud do what we do and who we become
Realism
-2nd half of the 19th century called positivist age
+age of faith in all knowledge
=derived from science and scientific objective methods=solve all human problems
-Visual Arts
+rejection of Romantic subjectivism and imagination in favor of Realism
+accurate and apparently objective description of ordinary, observable world, a change evident in painting
Gustave Courbet
-father of Realistic Movement
-response to paint angels: "I have never seen angels, show me an Angel and I will paint one."
-Painted real, concrete subjects
-Portrait of the Artist
+Stain shows the good and bad
-Courbet
Realism Art
-The Stonebreakers
-Courbet
Realism Art
Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot
-member of Barbizon School of painters
+inspired by John Constable
=painted real scenes instead of imagined ones
=painted outdoors near the town of Barbizon
-Agostina
-Corot
Realism Art
-Villed D'AVary
-Corot
Realism Art
Honore Daumier
-Satirist
-jailed for a cartoon of king swallowing "bags of gold extorted from the people"
-Polemic: incitng controversy
-The Third Class Carriage
-Daumier
Realism Art
-In the Belly of the Legislature
-Daumier
Realism Art
Winslow Homer
-American
-Self-taught artist who painted what he saw
-One should never look at paintings if one wants to be an artist
-Known for watercolors
-The Boatbuilders
-Homer
Realism Art
-The Life Line
-Homer
Realism Art
Thomas Eakins
-Philadelphian
-Concerned with getting anatonmy correct
+as with Michelangelo and Leonardo
-Dissected cadavers
-Between Rounds
-Eakins
-Shows dirty, smokyness of room
Realism Art
-John Biglin in a single Scull
-Eakins
-shows anatonmy
-skin tone good
-reflections close to him
Realism Art
James Whistler
-"Art should be independent of all claptrap."
-controversial man
-believed in art/design for it's own sake
+not to describe a subject or tell a story
-born in Lowell, MA
+claimed to be from St. Petersburg, Russia
+left America at age 21, never returned
-lived bohemian lifestyle
-Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket
-Whistler
+prestages of abstract art
+fireworks
Realism Art
-The White Girl
-Whistler
Realism Art