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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What two rivers did mesopotamia lye between.
Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
what mesopotamians formed small groups of city states?
Sumerians
Which Akkadian warrior conquered Sumer and united them under his power.
Sargon I
Who created the worlds first empire?
Sargon I
Grew around the city of Akkad in north Sumer
Akkadian Empire
Resided in a region on the Upper Tigris river
assyrians
Rebelled against Assyrian rule in 626, and flourished until the entrance of Alexander the Great in 331
Babylonian Empire
A Sumerian poem recorded early in the 2nd millennium BCE describing a universe that originated by means of spontaneous generation
Babylonian creation myth
God of the primordial sweet waters
Apsu
God of the Primordial bitter waters
Ti’amat
Son of Apsu; champion of Humanity
Marduk
1st epic poem of struggle friendship, and the quest for immortality
The Epic of Gilgamesh
Double sided wooden panel excavated from the city of Ur
Standard of Ur
•Individuals not regarded as equals only by wealth and social status
Code of Hammurabi
•Babylon’s 6th ruler, Hammurabi codified the existing legal practices in
Code of Hammurabi
What two rivers did mesopotamia lye between.
Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
what mesopotamians formed small groups of city states?
Sumerians
Which Akkadian warrior conquered Sumer and united them under his power.
Sargon I
Who created the worlds first empire?
Sargon I
Grew around the city of Akkad in north Sumer
Akkadian Empire
Resided in a region on the Upper Tigris river
assyrians
Rebelled against Assyrian rule in 626, and flourished until the entrance of Alexander the Great in 331
Babylonian Empire
A Sumerian poem recorded early in the 2nd millennium BCE describing a universe that originated by means of spontaneous generation
Babylonian creation myth
God of the primordial sweet waters
Apsu
God of the Primordial bitter waters
Ti’amat
Son of Apsu; champion of Humanity
Marduk
1st epic poem of struggle friendship, and the quest for immortality
The Epic of Gilgamesh
Double sided wooden panel excavated from the city of Ur
Standard of Ur
•Individuals not regarded as equals only by wealth and social status
Code of Hammurabi
•Babylon’s 6th ruler, Hammurabi codified the existing legal practices in
Code of Hammurabi
Area in which the code of hammurabi is engraved
stele of hammurabi
–Symbolized the sacred mountain which linked the realms of heaven and earth.
The Ziggurat
•Constructed of rubble and brick, it was believed that such towers might bring one closer to heaven.
Ziggurat at Ur
•Small group of Mesopotamians who made the lasting contribution of monotheism.
hebrews
protection in exchange for loyalty and obedience
covenant
Division of Cannan resulted in how many tribal areas?
12
Cannan came to be called what following its occupation by powerful tribes of philistines?
palestine
is described in the Hebrew Bible as a sacred container, wherein rested the stone tablets containing the Ten Commandments as well as other sacred Israelite objects
ark of covenant
Hebrew name of God
YHWH (Yeweh), [Jehovah (Latinization)]
Demands ethical monotheism
decalogue
hebrew laws
decalogue
the universe is a gift given by God to his supreme creation, humankind.
The Hebrew Cosmology
•Hebrew God transcended nature and preceded the universe.
The Hebrew Cosmology
•Human beings are created in the moral & spiritual image of God
The Hebrew Cosmology
•Palestine (Canaan) becomes a powerful state under the leadership of three Hebrew Kings.
Hebrew state
under which three kings became the hebrew state
–Saul (r.1040 – 1000BCE)
–David (r.1000 – 960BCE)
–Solomon (r.960 – 920BCE)
Who divided the hebrew state into two divisions?
Solomon
Northern part of hebrew state after it was divided is known as what?
Israel
Southern part of hebrew state after it was divided is known as what?
Judah
The finest example of wisdom literature in the hebrew bible
book of job