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34 Cards in this Set

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Where is the indus valley civilization located?
Located in lower Indus Valley, in an area called Sind
what made India’s 1st civilization a planned community
streets were lain in grid patterns and they had a very sophisticated sewage system.
lower town in ancient india
Mohenjo-daro
who enslaved or removed the dark-skinned population.
Aryans from Persia
a rigid social stratification in india based on differences in wealth, rank, or occupation
caste system
Who introduced sanskrit?
aryans
Became the classic language of india
sanskrit
it identifies the sacred not as a superhuman personality but as an objective, all prevading cosmic spitit called brahman
Hinduism
The belief that divinity is inherent in all things.
Pantheism
recognizes and embraces all the Vedic Gods who are themselves manifestations of the pervasive spirit.
Hinduism
The all-pervading cosmic force; Absolute Spirit, World Soul
Brahman
The Eternal Being, Reality, and Essence. The source and sustainer of all that
Brahman
•The Eternal Being, Reality, and Essence. The source and sustainer of all that is.
Brahman
•The individual manifestation of the Brahman that exists within each human being.
Atman
•The Atman seeks to be one with the absolute spirit (Brahman)
Atman
•Housed within the Self, it is unappealing to the senses, infinite, and immortal.
Atman
The (re)union of the Atman and the Brahman, and the overall goal of Hinduism.
Nirvana
The absorption of the self into the absolute spirit, must be preceded by rejection of material world, and mastery of meditation
Nirvana
•There is an anticipated succession of lives; that is, the return of the Atman in various forms.
Reincarnation
•Thus, the quest to achieve Nirvana is one that takes several lifetimes.
Reincarnation
The Hindu regulation of reincarnation
Karma
The new physical form is determined by the level of spiritual purity at the time of death.
Karma
Which civilization emerged between the yellow and yangzi rivers?
Ancient China
What was symbolized by the dragon in the shang dynasty
Royal authority
In----------, the king is surrounded by the men and women who served him
Shang royal tombs
were filled with treasures; mostly carved jade and bronze objects
royal tombs
Kings who occupied the “dragon throne” --------
commanded powerful courts and armies.
Conquered the Shang Dynasty, and lasted longer than any other dynasty in Chinese history
Zhou Dynasty
Sacred right to rule in china.
Mandate of heaven
------put into practice the worlds first system whereby individuals were selected for government service on the basis of merit and education.
Chinese
Written examinations tested the competence and skill of those who sought-------
government office
regulated the workings of the universe.
Shang-ti
substance of the universe and vital energy of the human body
Qi
foundation of the universe

•The interaction of the male principle yang (lightness, hardness, warmth, & the sun), and female principle yin (darkness, softness, moisture, coolness, & earth) describes the entirety of the universe
yin yang