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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
4 Tributatires of Western Tradition
Christianity
Greek
Roman
Judaism
Three Main Cities
Athens
Rome Jerusalem
Ethical Monotheism
One God
Bible
little books
Byblos
Three Groupings: Law, Prophets, Writings
Covenant
Sacred Promise
"I will be your Gd; you will be my people"
Guilt Culture
Caring what other people think of you, what God thinks about you
Remind people to do what they're supposed to
Cave painting
Depict animals and hunting (vital part of survival)
Hammurabi
Mesopotamia's most famous King, author of a law code that attempted to achieve social justice by legislation, laws carved on steel
Law Code of Hammurabi
deal with relationship between husbands, wives, and other family members
Aegean Culture
disappeared in 1100 BC
cycladic art (idols)C
Cyclades
settlements on a group of islands of central Aegean
pre-Cretian
fertility goddesses
eventually sailed to Greece
Cycladic Idols
religious function at funerals, cult of mother goddesses( mostly female statues found), arm folded, head tilted back, simplicity
Minoan Culture
under King Minos
Increase in growth, small towns
Became first major devlopment, urban centers
Architecture
Liveliness in color in pottery and jewelryj
Men leaders but religion associate with women
Knossos
properous and thriving community ruled by a powerful and ruthless king Minos
Urban center, main palaces (private houses surrounded)
King Minos
legendary king of Knossos who was put in Labyrinth and conquered the Minotaur
Minotaur
A monstrous creature that was half man and half bull--a product of of the union of Minos's wife Pasiphae with a bull
Ariadne
King's daughter who fell in love with Theseus, ran away with him
Schliemann
Proved that stories of war against Troy and Mycenaeans were true
Characteristics of Mycenaean culture
Made war on Troy, palace complexes, mysterious fall in 1200 BC, art preoccupied with death and war
death masks
Agamemnon
Leader of of the Mycenaean expedition against Troy
Polis
Greek word for "city" used to designate the Greek self-governing city-state
Heroic Age
Development of Iron Age culture
Greeks begin colonizing in East Italy
First Olympic Games
Evolution of Homeric epics
Hesiod
geometric art
Heroic Code
Arete = excellence in something
Speaker of words, doer of deeds
Well rounded
Hero measured by prowess in battle and number of possessions
Demeter
goddess of fertility
Artemis
goddess of chastity and the moon, the hunt
"Homeric question"
was he a man or woman? blind poet? did he doe it?
Greek Music
believed music strongly influenced behavior
Important religiously, emotionally and spiritually powerful
Ethos
moral character
That which distinguishes art and vies it character, or moral and ethical character in music
Modes
Scales that formed basis of Greek Music
Major and minor
Arrangement of notes in scale
Harmony
Used by Greeks to describe certain musical scales
Relationship between notes and chords
Pythagoras
presocratic philosopher who had greatest influence
Upheld morals and chastity, order and harmony, murdered
Mathematics
Numerical relationship of musical harmonies (octave)
Orientalizing
early pottery decoration, popular at Corinth, using motifs from Eastern art
Presocratics
Greek philosphers before the time of Socrates
Solon
legislator and poet, reformed legal system (four classes)
Sappho
lyric poet, first woman to leave a literary record that reflects personal experience
Kouros
Nude standing male figure, common in Archaic sculpture
Kore
Draped standing female figure, common in Archaic sculpture
Archaic smile
grimace on sculptures faces
Battle of Marathon
Greeks don't like Persians, Persians attack Greece, Athenians afraid to die, Go and fight, kick their trash, Athens become leaders of Greeks
Hubris
excessive pride
Herodotus
first Greek Historian, nine books of Persian Wars
Great storyteller
Greek world view
Realistic, city state leadership, democracy, anybody who has land can participate in politics, belief in gods but not driving figures, orders of architecture