Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/78

Click to flip

78 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Animism
the belief that the forces of nature are inhabitied by spirits
culture
the sum total of traditions techniques material goods and symbol systems that people have transmitted invented or developed
cuneiform
one of humankinds earliedt systems of writing consisting of wedge shaped marks impressed into clay by means of a red stylus
dolmen
a stone tomb formed from two posts capped by a lintel
hieroglyph
the pictographic script of ancient egypt
hominid
any of a family of bipedal primate mammals including modern humans and their ancestors the earliest of which is austolopithecus
ideogram
a sign that represents and idea or thing
lost wax
a method of metal casting in which a figure is modeled in wax then enclosed in a clay mold that is fired the wax melts and molten metal is oured in to replace it finally the clay mold is removed and the solid metal form is polished
megalith
a large, roughly shaped stoned often used in ancient arhitectural construction
phonogram
a sign that represents a sound
pictograph
a pictorial symbol used in humankinds earliest systems of writing
polychrome
having many or various colors
post and lintel
the simplest form f architectural construction consisting of vertical members (posts) and horizontals (lintels)
prehistory
the study of history before written records
stele
an upright slab or pillar
canon
a set of rules or standards used to establish proportions
cosmology
the theory of the origina evolution and structure of the universe
dynasty
a sequence of rulers from the same family
fresco
a method of painting on walls or ceilings surfaced with fresh moist lime plaster
hypostyle
a hall whose roof is supported by columns
lyric
verse that is meant to be sung rather than spoken
mastaba
early rectangular egyptian tomb with sloping sides and a flat roof
module
a unit of measurement used to determine proportion
monarch
a single or sole ruler
obelisk
a tall four sided pillar that tapers to a pyramidal apex
papyrus
a reed like plant from which the ancient egyptians made paper
polytheism
the belief in many gods
pylon
a massive gateway in the form of a pair of truncated pyramids
pyramid
a four sided structure rising to a peak
relief
a sculptural technique in which figures or forms are carved either to project from the background surface or cut away below the background level
simile
a figure of speech in which two unlike things are compared
theocracy
rule by god or gods representative
antiphonal
a type of music in which two or more groups of voices or instruments alternate with one another
cantor
the chief singer of the liturgy
convenant
contract-the bond between the hebrew people and their god
empire
a state achieved militarily by the unification of territories under a single sovereign power
epic
a long narrative poem that recounts the deeds of a legendary or historical hero in his quest for meaning and identity
liturgy
the rituals for public worship
menorah
a seven branched candelabrum
monotheism
the belief in only one god
responsory
a type of music in which a single voice answers another voice or chorus
shofar
a trumpet made of a rams horn used to summon jews to prayer
synagogue
the jewish house for worship and religious study
torah
the first five books of the hebrew bible
ziggurat
a terraced tower of rubble and brick that served ancient mesopotamians as a temple shrine
allegory
a literary device in which objects persons or actions are equated with secondary figurative meanings that underlie their literal meaning
amphora
a two handled vessel used for oil and wine
antaonist
the character that directly opposes the protagonist in drama or fiction
catalog
a list of people things or attributes characteristic of homeric and biblical literature
democracy
a government in which supreme power is vested in the people
dialectal method
a question and answer stlye type inquiry made famous by socrates
empirical method
a method of inquiry dependent on direct experience or observation
epithet
a compound adjective used to identify a person or thing
hubris
excessive pride or arrogance
idealism
theory that holds that the things in the material world are manifestations of an independent realm of unchnging immaterial ideas of forms
oligarchy
a government which the power lies in the hands of an elite minority
protagonist
the leading character in a play or story
syllogism
a deductive scheme of formal argument consisting of two premises from which a conclusion may be drawn
aulos
a wind instrument used in ancient greece
contrapposto
a position assumed by the human body in which one part is turned in opposition to another part
frieze
sculptured or ornamented band
gable
the triangular section of a wall at the end of a pitched roof
hymn
a lyric offering divine praise or glorification
kithara
a large version of the lyre with 7 to eleven strings
kouros
youthful make figure usually depicited nude in ancient greek culture
krater
a vessel used for mixing wine and water
lyre
any one of a group of plucked stringed instruments
metope
the square panel between the beam ends under the roof of a structue
mode
a type of musical scale characterized by a fixed pattern of pitch and tempo within the octave
monophony
a musical texture consisting of a single unaccompanied line of melody
nike
the greek goddess of victory
octave
the series of eight tones forming any major or minor scale
ode
a lyric poem expressing exalted emotion in honor of a person or special occassion
order
the parts of a building that stand in fixed constant relation to eachother: Doric, ionic, corintheian
pediment
triangular space forming the gable of a two pitched roof in classical archectecture
portico
porch with a roof supported by columns
scale
a series of tones arranged in ascending or descending consecutive order
tholos
circular structure