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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cell
the smallest structural unit of living matter (plants and animals)
tissue
a group of cells that perform a similar function
organ
a group of tissues that function together
organ system
a group of organs that function together
homeostasis
the natural tendency of the body to maintain a steady and normal internal environment
integumentary system
(consists of)
the skin and its appendages; including hair and nails
integumentary system
protects the organism by serving as a mechanical, chemical and disease barrier; also regulates body temp
skeletal system
(consists of)
includes the bones, joints, cartilage and connective tissues
skeletal system
provide body support, protection of underlying organs and allows for movement
muscular system
(consists of)
is composed of 3 types of muscles: smooth, cardiac, & skeletal
muscular system
functions to provide movement, maintain posture, protect internal organs and produce body heat
cardiovascular system
(consists of)
heart, spleen, blood vessels and lymphatic system
cardiovascular system
principle function is to maintain homeostasis by acting as a transportation system
respiratory system
(consists of)
upper resp. tract (nose, sinuses, mouth, pharynx, and epiglottis),the lower resp. tract (larynx, trachea, bronchus, bronchioles, and aveoli) and the lungs
respiratory system
serves to conduct air to and from the lungs and allows for the exchange of gases
digestive system
(consists of)
includes the mouth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, sm. and lg. intestines
digestive system
ingestion and digestion of food, absorbtion of nutrients and excreation of waste products
renal system
(consists of)
includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra
renal system
controls the production and elimination of urine, eliminates toxic substances and waste products, maintains salt and water balance and maintains acid-base balance
reproductive system
(consists of)
the gonads and associated ducts leading to the outside of the body
male reproductive system
(consists of)
testes (gonads), the duct system, accessory glands and the urethra
female reproductive system
9CONSISTS OF)
ovaries (gonads), fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina
reproductive system
is for the reproduction of a like organism
endocrine system
(consists of)
pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal as well as the pancreas, ovaries and testes
endocrine system
controls the body's activities through the secretion of hormones
nervous system
(consists of)
brain, spinal cord, nerves and the sense organs
nervous system
is the body's communication network. It receives and transmits messages and coordinates the body's activities