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30 Cards in this Set

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Coitus Interruptus
A method of contraception in which the penis is withdrawn from the vagina prior to ejaculation. Also referred to as the withdrawal method.
Condom
A sheath made of animal membrane or latex that covers the penis during coitus and serves as a barrier to sperm after ejaculation.
Artificial Contraception
A method of contraception that applies to a human-made device.
Oral Contraceptive
A contraceptive, consisting of sex hormones, that is taken by mouth.
Combination Pill
A birth-control pill that contains synthetic estrogen and progesterone.
Minipill
A birth-control pill that contains synthetic progesterone but no estrogen.
Intrauterine Device (IUD)
A small object that is inserted into the uterus and left in place to prevent conception.
Diaphragm
Aa shallow rubber cup or dome, fitted to the contour of a woman's vagina, that is coated with a spermicide and inserted prior to coitus to prevent conception.
Microbicide
A chemical substance that kills viruses and bacteria.
Prophylactic
An agent that protects against disease.
Douche
To rinse or wash the vaginal canal by inserting a liquid and allowing it to drain out.
Calendar Method
A fertility awareness (rhythm) method of contraception that relies on prediction of ovulation by tracking menstrual cycles, typically for a 10- to 12- month period, and assuming that ovulation occurs 14 days prior to menstruation.
Basal Body Temperature (BBT) Method
A fertility awareness method of contraception that relies on prediction of ovulation by tracking the woman's temperature during the course of the menstrual cycle.
Ovulation Method
A fertility awareness method of contraception that relies on prediction of ovulation by tracking the viscosity of the cervical mucous.
Viscosity
Stickiness, consistency.
Peak Days
The days during the menstrual cycle during which a woman is most likely to be fertile.
Sterilization
Surgical procedures that render people incapable of reproduction without affecting sexual activity.
Vasectomy
The surgical method of male sterilization in which sperm are prevented from reaching the urethra by cutting each vas deferens and tying it back or cauterizing it.
Vasovasotomy
The surgical method of reversing vasectomy in which the cut or cauterized ends of the vas deferens are sewn together.
Tubal Sterilization
The most common method of female sterilization, in which the fallopian tubes are surgically blocked to prevent the meeting of sperm and ova. Also called tubal ligation.
Minilaparotomy
A kind of tubal sterilization in which a small incision is made in the abdomen to provide access to the fallopian tubes.
Laparoscopy
Tubal sterilization by means of a laparoscope, which is inserted through a small incision just below the navel and used to cauterize, cut, or clamp the fallopian tubes. Sometimes referred to as "belly button surgery."
Culpotomy
A kind of tubal sterilization in which the fallopian tubes are approached through an incision in the back wall of the vagina.
Hysterectomy
Surgical removal of the uterus. (Not appropriate as a method of sterilization.)
Induced Abortion
The purposeful termination of a pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is capable of sustaining independent life.
Vacuum Aspiration
Removal of the uterine contents by suction. An abortion method used early in pregnancy.
D&C (Dilation and Curettage)
An operation in which the cervix is dilated and uterine contents are then gently scraped away.
D&E (Dilation and Evacuation)
An abortion method in which the cervix is dilated prior to vacuum aspiration.
Intra-Amniotic Infusion
An abortion method in which a substance is injected into the amniotic sac to induce premature labor. Also called instillation.
Hysterotomy
An abortion method in which the fetus is removed by cesarean section.