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95 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pudendum (pyoo-DEN-dum)
The external female genitals.
Egg cells. (Singular: ovum.)
The external sexual structures of the female.
Mons Veneris
A mound of fatty tissue that covers the joint of the pubic bones in front of the body, below the abdoment and above the clitoris.
Labia Majora
Large folds of skin that run downward from the mons along the sides of the vulva.
Labia Minora
Hairless, light-colored membranes, located between the labia majora.
A female sex organ consisting of a shaft and glans located above the urethral opening. It is extremely sensitive to sexual sensations.
Corpora Cavernosa
Masses of spongy tissue in the clitoral shaft that become engorged with blood and stiffen in response to sexual stimulation.
Prepuce (PREE-pyoose)
The fold of skin covering the glans of the clitoris (or penis).
Similar in structure; developing from the same embryonic tissue.
Similar in function.
Urethral Opening
The opening through which urine passes from the female's body.
An inflammation of the urinary bladder.
Surgical removal of the clitoris.
A physician who treats women's diseases, especially of the reproductive tract.
The vaginal opening.
A fold of tissue across the vaginal opening that is usually present at birth and remains at least partly intact until a woman engages in coitus.
The skin and underlying tissue that lies between the vaginal opening and the anus.
A surgical incision in the perineum that may be made during childbirth to protect the vagina from tearing.
Ring-shaped muscles that surround body openings and open or close them by expanding or contracting.
Anatomical structures resembling legs that attach the clitoris to the pubic bone.
Vestibular Bulbs
Cavernous structures that extend downward along the sides of the introitus and swell during sexual arousal.
Bartholin's Glands
Glands that lie just inside the minor lips and secrete fluid just before orgasm.
The tubular female sex organ that contains the penis during sexual intercourse and through which a baby is born.
Application of a jet of liquid to the vagina as a rinse.
Vaginal inflammation.
The lower end of the uterus.
The opening in the middle of the cervix.
Pap Test
A test of a sample of cervical cells that screens for cervical cancer and other abnormalities.
Treatment of a disease by X-rays or by emissions from a radioactive substance.
The hollow, muscular, pear-shaped organ in which a fertilized ovum implants and develops until birth.
The uppermost part of the uterus.
The innermost layer of the uterus.
A condition caused by the growth of endometrial tissue in the abdominal cavity or elsewhere outside the uterus and characterized by menstrual pain.
The middle, well-muscled layer of the uterus.
The outer layer of the uterus.
Surgical removal of the uterus.
Complete Hysterectomy
Surgical removal of the ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, and uterus.
Partial Hysterectomy
Surgical removal of the uterus but not the ovaries and fallopian tubes.
Fallopian Tubes
Tubes that extend from the upper uterus twoard the ovaries and conduct ova to the uterus.
Ectopic Pregnancy
A pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum implants outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube.
Almond-shaped organs that produce ova and the hormones estrogen and progesterone.
A generic term for female sex hormonse (including estradiol, estriol, estrone, and others) or synthetic compounds that promote the development of female sex characteristics and regulate the menstrual cycle.
A steroid hormone secreted by the corpus luteum or prepared synthetically that stimulates proliferation of the endometrium and is involved in regulation of the menstrual cycle.
A capsule within and ovary that contains an ovum.
Secondary Sex Characteristics
Traits that distinguish women from men but are not directly involved in reproduction.
Mammary Glands
Milk-secreting glands.
The dark ring on the breast that encircles the nipple.
A special type of X-ray test that detects cancerous lumps in the breast.
Saclike structures filled with fluid or diseased material.
Doing little or no harm.
A benign, fibrous tumor.
Lethal; causing or likely to cause death.
Surgical removal of a lump from the breast.
Surgical removal of the entire breast.
The cylical bleeding that stems from the shedding of the uterine lining (endometrium).
The release of an ovum from an ovary.
Corpus Luteum
The follicle that has released an ovum and then produces copious amounts of progesterone and estrogen during the luteal phase of a woman's cycle.
Endocrine Gland
A ductless gland that releases its secretions directly into the bloodstream.
The first menstrual period.
A bundle of neural cell bodies near the center of the brain that are involved in regulating body termperature, motivation, and emotion.
Pituitary Gland
The gland that secretes growth hormone, prolactin, oxytocin, and others.
A substance secreted by an endocrine gland that regulates various body functions.
The male gonads.
The male sex hormone that fosters the development of male sex characteristics and is connected with the sex drive.
A pituitary hormones that stimulates production of milk.
A pituitary hormone that stimulates uterine contractions in labor and the ejection of milk during nursing.
Pituitary hormones that stimulate the gonads.
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
A gonadotropin that stimulates development of follicles in the ovaries.
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
A gonadotropin that helps regulate the menstrual cycle by triggering ovulation.
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (Gn-RH)
A hormone secreted by the hypothalamus that stimulates the pituitary to release gonadotropins.
Proliferative Phase
The first phase of the menstrual cycle, which begins with the end of menstruation and lasts about nine or ten days. During this phase, the endometrium proliferates.
Ovulatory Phase
The second stage of the menstrual cycle, during which a follicle ruptures and releases a mature ovum.
A fertilized ovum (egg cell).
A synthetic hormone that is chemically similar to LH and induces ovulation.
Pain that occurs during ovulation.
Secretory Phase
The third phase of the menstrual cycle, which follows ovulation. Also referred to as the luteal phase, after the corpus luteum, which begins to secrete large amounts of progesterone and estrogen following ovulation.
Menstrual Phase
The fourth phase of the menstrual cycle, during which the endometrium is sloughed off in the menstrual flow.
A cylindrical plug of cotton that is inserted into the vagina and left in place to absorb menstrual fluid.
The cessation of menstruation.
The beginning of menopause, as characterized by 3 to 11 months of amenorrhea or irregular periods.
A long-term process, including menopause, that involves the gradual decline in the reproductive capacity of the ovaries.
A condition caused by estrogen deficiency and characterized by a decline in bone density, such that bones become porous and brittle.
Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
Replacement of naturally occurring estrogen or estrogen and progesterone with synthetic equivalents, following menopause.
Pain or discomfort during menstruation.
Primary Dysmenorrhea
Menstrual pain or discomfort that occurs in the absence of known organic problems.
Secondary Dysmenorrhea
Menstrual pain or discomfort that is caused by identified organic problems.
Hormones that cause muscle fibers in the uterine wall to contract, as during labor.
A swelling of the breasts that sometimes causes premenstrual discomfort.
The absence of menstruation.
Primary Amenorrhea
Lack of menstruation in a woman who has never menstruated.
Secondary Amenorrhea
Lack of menstruation in a woman who has previously menstruated.
Anorexia Nervosa
A psychological disorder of eating characterized by intense fear of putting on weight and refusal to eat enough to maintain normal body weight.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
A combination of physical and psychological symptoms (e.g., anxiety, depression, irritability, weight gain from fluid retention, and abdominal discomfort) that regularly afflicts many women during the four-to-sex-day interval that precedes their menses each month.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
A diagnosis used by the American Psychiatric Association to describe cases of PMS that are characterized by severe changes in mood and impairment and functioning at work, at school or in social relationships.