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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Derived from or based on observation and experimentation.
A precise prediction about behavior that is tested through research.
Conclusion or opinion.
The attributing of human characteristics to an animal.
Quantities that vary or may vary.
Concerning the vital statistics (race, gender, age, etc.) of human populations.
A complete group of organisms or events.
Part of a population.
To go from the particular to the general.
Random Sample
A sample in which every member of a population has an equal chance of participating.
Stratified Random Sample
A random sample in which known subgroups in a population are represented in proportion to their numbers in the population.
Volunteer Bias
A slanting of research data that is caused by the characteristics of individuals who volunteer to participate, such as willingness to discuss intimate behavior.
Case Study
A carefully drawn, in-depth biography of an individual or a small group of individuals that may be obtained through interviews, questionnaires, and historical records.
A detailed study of a sample obtained by means such as interviews and questionnaires.
The consistency or accuracy of a measure.
A measure of the occurrence or the degree of the occurrence of an event.
The number of times an action is repeated within a given period.
With respect to tests, thedegree to which a particular test measures the constructs or traits it purports to measure.
Social Desirability
A response bias to a questionnaire or interview in which the person provides a socially acceptable response.
Naturalistic Observation
A method in which organisms are observed in their natural environments.
The branch of anthropology that deals descriptively with specific cultures, especially preliterate societies.
Penile Strain Gauge
A device for measuring sexual arousal in men in terms of changes in the circumference of the penis.
Vaginal Plethysmograph
A tampon-shaped probe that is inserted in the vagina and suggests the level of vasocongestion by measuring the light reflected from the vaginal walls.
Participant Observation
A method in which observers interact with the people they study as the collect data.
Congestion from the flow of blood.
Muscle tension.
A statistical measure of the relationship between two variables.
Correlation Coefficient
A statistic that expresses the strength and direction (positive or negative) of the relationship between two variables.
A scientific method that seeks to confirm cause-and-effect relationships by manipulating independent variables and observing their effects on dependent variables.
In experiments, an intervention that is administered to participants (e.g., a test, a drug, or sex-education program) so that its effects may be observed.
Dependent Variables
The measured results of an experiment, which are believed to be a function of the independent variables.
Experimental Group
A group of study participantswho receive a treatment.
Control Group
A group of study participants who do not receive the experimental treatment. however, other conditions are held comparable to those of individuals in the experimental group.
Selection Factor
A bias that may operate in research when people are allowed to determine whether or not they will receive a treatment.
Informed Consent
The term used by researchers to indicate that people have agreed to participate in research after receiving information about the purposes and nature of the study, and its potential risks and benefits.