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17 Cards in this Set

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What are the 6 basic nutrients needed?
water, vitamins, minerals, carbs, fat and protein
what are daily values
nutrient standrds that you find on your food label.
-They reflect needs average
-based of 2,000 calorie diet
food pyramid
KNOW IT..!!!!
THE DISGESTIVE TRACT
mouth->esophagus->sphinclar muscle->stomach->pliyoric valve->small intestine->large intestine->rectum->anus
functions of the digestive
digest, absorb and excrete
assisting organs of the digestive tract
salivary glands, liver, gall bladder, pancreas
net carbs and low carbs
total carbohydrates, subtract fiber (grams) and sugar alcohols (grams)(created by food companies)
def of gylcemic effect of foods
the rate a food raises the blood glucose
what decreases the glycemic effect?
fiber
low glycemic effect is desirable if you want to:
-improve glucose control
-decrease risk of overeatting
-eat less often
low glycemic index of foods:
bran cereal, pasta, whole grain bread, beans, milk and yougurt
diabetes
(top 10 killer of adults)
a chronic disease characterized by high blood gluvose levels and inadequate or ineffective insulin
type 1 diabetes:
-10% of all cases
-little or no pancreatic secretion of insulin
-diagnosed n childhood
-insulin injections are required
type 2 diabetes:
-90% of all cases
-some cells do not respond to insulin
-often diagnosed in adult hood
-elevated blood glucose
-drugs are usualy necess.
-higher risk if obese
Diabetes warning signs
major thirst, frequent urination, impaired vision, weight loss
diabetes complications
blindness, amputation, heart disease, kidney disease..all due to elevated glucose damaging capallaries
manage diabetes by. .
weight loss, physical activity, adequate diet, fiber, controlled amount of carbs, low in saturated fat, moderation in protein