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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Epicranius- Frontal belly
O- upper facial muscles
I- Galea aponeurotica
A- raises eyebrows
Epicranius- Occipital belly
O- Superior nuchal line
I- Galea aponeurotica
A- Pulls scalp posteriorly; fixator
Orbicularis Oculi
O- Frontal & maxillary bone
I- skin around eye
A- Closes eye
Corrugator (supercilii)
O- Med. superciliary arch
I- Med. forehead skin
A- Draws eyebrows inf. (frowning)
Zygomaticus
O- Zygomatic bone
I- orbicularis oris
A- raises corner of mouth (smiling)
Risorius
O- Facial deep fascia
I- angle of mouth
A- Draws mouth lat. (tenses)
Buccinator
O- Ext. alveolar margins of maxilla and mandible
I- Corner of mouth
A- Compresses cheeks inward
Mentalis
O- Ant. mandible
I- skin of cheek
A- Elevates & protrudes lower lip (pouting)
Orbicularis Oris
O- muscles near mouth
I- skin of central lip
A- closes, compresses & protrudes lips
Platysma
O- skin over neck
I- Inf. mandible
A- Depresses lower lip & corner of mouth down
Temporalis
O- Temporal bone
I- Coronoid process of mandible
A- Elevates (closes) & retracts mandible
Masseter
O- Maxilla & zygomatic arch
I- angle & ramus of mandible
A- Elevates (closes) & protracts mandible
Digastric
O- Mastoid process
I- hyoid bone
A- depresses (opens) mandible; elevates hyoid bone
Pterygoids
O- sphenoid
I- condyloid process of mandible
A- depresses ( opens) & protracts mandible
Sternocleidomastoid
O- sternum & clavicle
I- mastoid process of temporal bone
A- flex neck; rotate head
Scalenes
O- C2-C7 transverse processes
I- 1st rib
A- flex neck
Splenius
Cervicis
Capitis
O- spinous processes of T1-T6
I- Sup./inf. nuchal line; transverse processes of C1-C3
A- Extends, rotates neck
External Intercostals
O- Inf. border of ribs above
I- Sup. border of ribs below
A- Elevates ribs during inspiration
Internal Intercostals
O- Sup. border of ribs below
I- Inf. border of ribs above
A- Depresses ribs during inspiration
Diaphragm
O- L1-L3 bodies; lower 6 ribs
I- Central tendon
A- Inspiration
Serratus Anterior
O- Upper 8 ribs
I- med. border of scapula
A- Lat. rotates scapula
Rectus abdominis
O- Pubic crest & pubic symphysis
I- Costal cartilage ribs 5-7; xiphoid process
A- Flexes vertebral column
External oblique
O- Ant. angle lower 8 ribs
I- Iliac crest; pubic crest
A- Rotated vertebral column
Internal oblique
O- Iliac crest; inguinal ligament
I- Rectus sheath
A- Rotates vertebral column
Transverse Abdominis
O- Costal margin; ant. iliac crest
I- rectus sheath
A- compresses abdomen
Trapezius
O- Sup. nuchal line; spines C1-T12
I- clavicle, acromion & spine of scapula
A- Raises and depresses scapula; extends neck
Levator scapulae
O- Transverse processes C1-C4
I- Med. border of scapula
A- Raises scapula
Serratus Anterior
O- Sup. border of ribs 1-9
I- Ant. surface of med. border of scapula
A- Moves scapula forward; rotates it upward
Pectoralis minor
O- ribs 3-5
I- Coracoids process of scapula
A- Elevates ribs; protracts scapula
Rhomboideus Major
O- T2-T5 spinous processes
I- Med. border of scapula
A- retracts scapula medially
Pectoralis major
O- clavicle, sternum
I- bicipital groove of humerus
A- flexes upper arm
Latissimus dorsi
O- spines of T1-T5; iliac crest
I- bicipital groove of humerus
A- extends & adducts upper arm
Supraspinatus
O- supraspinous fossa
I- greater tuberosity of humerus
A- abducts upper arm
Infraspinatus
O- infraspinous fossa
I- greater tuberosity of humerus
A- rotates upper arm lat.; adducts arm
Deltoid
O- acromial process & spine of scapula; clavicle
I- deltoid tuberosity of humerus
A- abducts humerus
Teres Major
O- Inf. angle of scapula
I- bicipital groove of humerus
A- med. rotation of upper arm
Teres minor
O- axillary border of scapula
I- greater tuberosity of humerus
A- lat. rotation of upper arm
Subscapularis
O- subscapular fossa
I- Lesser tuberosity of humerus
A- Med. rotation of upper arm
Biceps brachii
O- coracoid process; tubercle above glenoid fossa
I- radial tuberosity
A- Flexes forearm; supinates arm
Brachialis
O- Ant. humerus
I- coronoid process of ulna
A- flexes forearm
Brachioradialis
O- Lat. supracondylar ridge of humerus
I- styloid process of radius
A- flexes forearm
Triceps Brachii
O- tubercle below glenoid fossa; lat. & med. humerus
I- olecranon process of ulna
A- extends forearm
Supinator
O- Lat. epicondyle
I- Lat. shaft of radius
A- supinates forearm
Pronator Teres
O- med. epicondyle
I- lat. radius
A- pronates forearm
Flexor Carpi Radialis
O- med. epicondyle
I- Metacarpal 2-3
A- flexes & abducts wrist
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
O- med. epicondyle
I- pisiform; hook of hamate
A- flexes & adducts wrist
Palmarid longus
O- med. epicondyle
I- palmar aponeurosis
A- weakly flexes wrist
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus
O- Lat. supracondylar ridge of humerus
I- Dorsal 2nd metacarpal
A- extends & abducts wrist
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis
O- Lat. epicondyle
I- Dorsal 3rd metacarpal
A- extends wrist
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
O- lat. epicondyle
I- Dorsal 5th metacarpal
A- Extends wrist
Gluteus maximus
O- iliac crest, sacrum, coccyx
I- gluteal tuberosity of femur
A- extends thigh
Gluteus medius & minimus
O- inf. to dorsal iliac crest
I- greater trochanter
A- adducts & rotates thigh medially
Gracilis
O- Lower edge of pubic symphsis
I- med. surface of tibia
A- adducts thigh & flexes leg
Adductor Longus
O- ant. pubis
I- Linea aspera
A- adducts & flexes thigh
Adductor magnus
O- inf. pubic ramus
I- linea aspera
A- adducts & extends thigh
Adductor brevis
O- inf. pubic ramus
I- linea aspera
A- adducts thigh
Pectineus
O- Sup. pubic ramus
I- lesser trochanter
A- flexes thigh
Quadratis femoris
O- lat. ischial tuberosity
I- Post. femoral head
A- adducts thigh
Sartorius
O- iliac spine
I- med. surface of tibia
A- flexes thigh & leg; rotates it laterally (cross leg)
Iliacus
O- iliac fossa
I- lesser trochanter
A- flexes thigh
Psoas major
O- Transverse processes L1-L5; body T12
I- lesser trochanter
A- flexes thigh; flexes vertebral column
Tensor fasciae latae
O- iliac crest
I- iliotibial tract
A- flexes & abducts thigh
Rectus femoris
O- Ant. inf. iliac spine
I- tibial tuberosity
A- extend leg
Vastus medials
O- medial linea aspera
I- tibial tuberosity
A- extend leg
Vastus lateralis
O- greater trochanter
I- tibial tuberosity
A- extend leg
Vastus intermedius
O- upper 2/3 of ant. femur
I- tibial tuberosity
A- extend leg
Bicep femoris
O- ischial tuberosity & linea aspera (femur)
I- head of fibula & lat. condyle of tibia
A- flexes leg & extends thigh
Semitendinosus
O- ischail tuberosity
I- med. tibia
A- flexes leg & extends thigh
Semimembranosus
O- ischial tuberosity
I- med. condyle of tibia
A- flexes leg & extends leg
Gastrocnemius
O- lat. & med. condyles of femur
I- Calcaneous
A- Plantar flexes foot & flexes foot
Soleus
O- Lat. condyle of femur
I- Calcaneous
A- Plantar flexes foot and flexes leg
Tibialis Anterior
O- Lat. condyle of tibia
I- Metatarsal 1
A- Dorsiflexes & inverts foot
Fibularis Longus
O- fibular head
I- metatarsal 1
A- plantar flexes, everts foot
Fibularis brevis
O- distal fibula
I- metatarsal 5
A- Plantar flexes, everts foot
Fibularis tertius
O- distal fibula
I- metatarsal 5
A- dorsiflexes, everts foot