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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
consuls
administrative and military leaders of the Republic
dictator
one ruler who has absolute power
latifindias
large farm estates near Rome
legionaries
soldiers in the Roman army
patricians
members of Romes' oldest and wealthiest families
plebeians
ordinary citizens of Rome
publicans
tax collectors in the Roman provinces
tribunes
officials who protected the rights of the plebeians
triumvirate
three person group of rulers
veto
power to cancel another person's decisions
corvus
moveable bridge
Tarquin the Proud
the Etruscan king who was overthrown to set up the republic in 509bc
General Hannibal Barca
Leader of the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War. Fought to Rome but was unable to get in - destroyed and burned counrtyside for 15 years until losing first battle at Zuma.
Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus
First of the Reformers. Believed that making small farmers leave their land was cause of Rome's troubles. Became a tribune in 133bc and limited the amount of land a person could own. When he tried to run for a second term he was killed during a riot staged by senate.
Gaius Gracchus
Tiberius'younger brother who extended the reforms of his brother. He moved poor back out to the country. Senate also had him killed.
Gaius Marius
General. Son of a day laborer. First of lower class to be elected to high office. Set up professional army. Helped by providing work for poor. Hurt because soldiers gave loyalty to general who paid them rather than the Republic.