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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Define the study of human development and the two key points are:
The study of human development is the science that seeks to understand:
1: How and why people change over time
2: How and why people remain the same
What is the Life-Span perspective?
Changes from conception to death and involves five characteristics.
What are the five characteristics of the Life-Span perspective?
1. Multidirectional
2. Multicontextual
3. Multicultural
4. Multidisciplinary
5. Plasticity
Define Multidirectional
NONLINEAR PROGRESSION
* A characteristic of development, referring to its nonlinear progression-gains and losses, compensations and deficits, predictable and unexpected changes.
EXAMPLE: PHYSICAL HEALTH AND SOCIAL INTERACTION CAN BE UP, DOWN, STABLE OR ERRATIC. (THE BUTTERFLY EFFECT)
Define Multicontextual
A NUMBER OF CONTEXTS
* A characteristic of development, referring to the fact that each human life takes place within a number of contexts-historical, cultural, and socioeconomic.
EXAMPLE:
-IMPACT OF HISTORICAL CONTEXT VARIES WITH AGE.
-SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS (I.E., INCOME, EDUCATION, NEIGHBORHOOD)
-CULTURAL CONTEXT: SET OF VALUES WILL VARY
Define Multicultural
MANY CULTURAL SETTINGS
*A characteristic of development, which takes place within many cultural settings worldwide and thus reflects a multitude of values, traditions, and tools for living.
Define Multidisciplinary
MANY ACADEMIC DISCIPLINES CONTRIBUTE DATA
* A characteristic of development encompassing the idea that dozens of academic disciplines contribute data and insight to the science of development.
EXAMPLE: WHEN IT COMES TO UNDERSTANDING THE BODY, MIND, AND SPIRIT, ALL OF THE FOLLOWING DOMAINS CONTRIBUTE:
1. BIOSOCIAL
2. COGNITIVE
3. PSYCHOSOCIAL
Define Plasticity
CHANGE THROUGH THE LIFE SPAN
*A characteristic of development that indicates that individuals-including their personalities as well as their bodies and minds-change throughout the life span.
EXAMPLE: OUR CAPACITY TO CHANGE OUR BODIES BY GOING ON A DIET
OUR ABILITY TO CHANGE OUR THINKING BY BECOMING MORE EDUCATED AND OPEN-MINDED TO VARIOUS POINTS-OF-VIEW
WHAT IS THE BUTTERFLY EFFECT?
The idea that a small action or event (such as a breeze created by a flap of a butterflys wings) may set off a series of changes that culminate in a major event (such as a hurricane)
Define scientific method
An approach to the systemic pursuit of knowledge that, when applied to the study of development, involves five basic steps: formulate a research question, develop a hypothesis, test the hypothesis, draw conclusions, and make findings available.