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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
antecedent boundaries
a boundary line est before an area is populated
centrifugal forces
forces that tend to divide a country
centripetal forces
forces that tend to unite or bind a country together
the expansion and perpetuation of an empire
commonwealth of independent states
confederacy of independent states of the former soviet union that have united because of their common economic and administrative needs
compact state
a state that possesses a roughly circular, oval, or rectangular territory in which the distance from the geometric center is relatively equal in all directions
a form of an international organization that brings several autonomous states together for a common purpose
domino theory
the idea that political destabilization in one country can lead to collapse of political stability in neighboring countries, starting a chain reaction of collapse
east/west divide
geographic separation b/w the largely democratic and free-market countries of western europe and the americas from the communist and socialist countries of eastern europe and asia
electoral college
a certain number of electors from each state proportional to and seemingly representative of that state's population. each elector chooses a candidate believing they are representing their constituency's choice. the candidate who receives a higher proportion of electoral votes in a state receives all the electoral votes for that state
electoral vote
the decision of a particular state elector that represents the dominant views of that elector's state
elongated state
a state whose territory is long and narrow in shape
european union
international organization comprised of western european countries to promote free trade among members
a bounded territory that is part of a particular state but is separated from it by the territory of a different state
a system of gov't in which power is distributed among certain geographical territories rather than concentrated within a central government
gragmented state
a state that is not a contiguous whole but rather separated parts
an area where borders are shifting and weak and where peoples of different cultures of nationalities meet and lay claim to the land
geometric boundary
political boundaries that are defined and deliminated by straight lines
the study of the interplay b/w political relations and the territorial context in which they occur
the designation of voting districts as to favor a particular political party or candidate
heartland theory
hypothesis proposed by Halford Mackinder that held that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain enough strength to eventually dominate the world
the perpetuation of a colonial empire even after it is no longer politically sovereign
international organization
an alliance of two or more countries seeking cooperation with each other w/o giving up either's autonomy or self-determination
landlocked state
a state that is completely surrounded by the land of other states, which gives it a disadvantage in terms of accessibility to and from international trade routes
law of the sea
law establishing states' right and responsibilities concerning the ownership and use of the earth's seas and oceans and their resources
hitler's exapansionist theory based on a drive to acquire "living space" for the german people
a state or territory that is small in both population and area
tightly knit group of individuals sharing a common language, ethnicity, religion, and other cultural attributes
a sense of nat'l pride to such an extent of exalting one nation above all others
a country whose population possess a substantial degree of cultural homogeneity and unity
north american free trade agreement
agreement signed on january 1, 1994, that allows the opening of borders b/w the US, mexico, and canada
north atlantic treaty organization
an internat'l org that has joined together for military purposes
north/south divide
the economic division b/w the wealthy countries of europe and north america, japan, and australia and the generally pooer countries of asia, africa, and latin america
organic theory
the view that states resemble biological organisms with life cycles that include stages of youth, maturity, and old age
organization of petroleum exporting countries
an internat'l economic org whose member countries all produce and export oil
perforated state
a state whose territory completely surrounds that of another state
physical boundary
political boundaries that correspond with prominent physical features such as mountain ranges or rivers
political geography
the spatial analysis or political phenomena and processes
popular vote
the tally of each individual's vote within a geographic area
prorupted state
a state that exhibits a narrow, elongated land extension leading away from the main territory
the process of a reallocation of electoral seats to defined territories
rectangular state
a state whose territory is rectangular in state
the drawing of new electoral district boundary lines in response to population changes
rimland theory
Nicholas Spykman's theory that the domination of the coastal fringes of eurasia would provide the base for world conquest
the right of a nation to govern itself autonomously
a politically org territory that is administered by a sovereign gov't and is recognized by the internat'l community
states' rights
rights and powers believed to be in the authority of the state rather than the federal gov't
subsequent boundaries
boundary line est after an area has been settled that considers the social and cultural characteristics of the area
superimposed boundaries
boundary line drawn in an area ignoring the existing cultural pattern
supranational organization
org of 3 or more states to promote shared objectives
territorial dispute
any dispute over land ownership
territorial organization
political org that distributes political power in more easily governed units of land
a state whose gov't is either believed to be divinely guided or a state under the control of a group of religious leaders
united nations
a global supranat'l org est at the end of WWII to foster internat'l security and cooperation