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29 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
anthropogenic
human-induced changes on the natural environment
cartography
theory and practice of making visual reps of the earth's surface in the form of maps
cultural ecology
the study of the interactions between societies and the natural environments they live in
cultural landscape
the human-modified natural landscape specifically containing the imprint of a particular culture or society
earth system science
systemiatic approach to physical geography that looks at the interaction between the earth's physical systems and processes on a global scale
environmental geography
the intersection between humand physical geography, which the explores the spatial impacts humans have on the physical environment and vice versa
eratosthenes
the head librarian at alexandria during the third century bc; he was one of the first cartographers. Performed a remarkably accurate computation of the earth's circumference. He is also credited with coining the term "geography"
fertile crescent
name given to crescent-shaped area of fertile land stretching from the lower nile valley, along the east mediterranean coast, and into syria and present-day iraq where agriculture and early civiliaztion first began about 8000 bc
geographical information systems
a set of computers used to capture, store, transform, analyze, and display geographic data
global positioning system
a set of satellites used to help determine location anywhere on the earth's surface with a portable electronic device
idiograph
pertaining to the unique facts or characteristics of a particular place
george perkings marsh
inventor, diplomat, politician, and scholar, his classicc work, man and nature, or physical geography as modified by human action, provided the first description if the extent to which natural systems had been impacted by human actions
natural landscape
the physical landscape or environment that has not been affected by human activities
nomothetic
concepts or rules that can be applied universally
wd pattison
he claimed that geography drew from four distinct traditions: the earth-science tradtition, culture-environment tradition, locational tradition, and area-analysis tradition
physical geography
the realm of geography that studies the structures, processes, distributions, and change through time of the natural phenomena of the earth's surface
ptolemy
roman geographer-astronomer and author of guide to geogrpahy which included maps containing a grid system of latitude and longitude
qualitative data
data associated weith a more humanistc approach to geography, often collected thru interviews, empirical observations, or the interpretation of tects, artwork, old maps, and other archives
quantitative data
data associated with mathematical models and stat techniques used to analyze spatial location and association
quantitative revolution
a pereiod in human geography assc with the widespread adoption of math models and stat techniques
region
a territory that encompasses many places that share similar attributes (may be physical, cultural, or both) in comparison with the attributes of places elsewhere
regional geography
the study of geographic regions
remote sensing
observation and mathematical measurement of the earth's surface using aircraft and satellites. The senors include both photographic images, thermal images, multispectral scanners, and radar images
carl sauer
geographer from the university of cali at berkeley who defined the concept of cultural landscape as the fundamental unit of geographical analysis. This landscape results from interaction between humans and the physical environment. Sauer argued that virtually no landscape has escaped alteration by human activities
sense of place
fellings evoked by people as a result of certain experiences and memories associated with a particular place
spatial perspective
an intellectual framewrk that looks at the particular locations of specific phenomena, how and why that phenomena is where it is, and, finally, how it is spatially related to the phenomena in other places
sustainability
the concept of using the earth's resources in such a way that they provide for people's needs in the present without diminishing the earth's ability to provide for future generations
systematic geography
the study of the earth's integrated systems as a whole, instead of focusing on particular phenomena in a single place
thematic layers
individual maps of specific features that are overlaid on one another in a geographical info sys to understand and analyze a spatial relationship