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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
systematic observation
involves watching people and carefully recording what they do or say
naturalistic observation
people are observed as they behave spontaneously in some real-life situation
structured observations
differ from naturalistic observations in that the researcher creates a setting that is particularly likely to elicit the behavior of interest
self reports
simply people's answers to questions about the topic of interest
a measure is the extent to which it provides a consistent index of a characteristic
a measure refers to wheter it really measures what researchers think it measures
broad groups of people
virtually all studies include only this
correlational study
investigators look at relations between variables as they exist naturally in the world
correlation coefficient
expresses the strength and direction of a relation between two variables
a systematic way of manipulating the key factor that the investigator thinks causes a particular behavior
independent variable
the factor being manipulated
dependent variable
the factor being observed
longitudinal study
the same individuals are observed or tested repeatedly at different points in their lives
a tool that allows researchers to synthesize the results of many studies to stimate relations between variables