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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1.descibe
2.explain
3.predict
4.modify
1.how people think, feel, act and change at different ages
2.why people develope certain ways "research to know"
3.educated guess about the future
4.change to enhance quality of life. "public policy"
influences of development
nature/nuture
internal/external
1.normative
2.non-normative history graded
3.non-normative
1.peuberty,driveing
2.better health, getting taller
3. teen child birth
development is...
lifelong
multi-dementional
multi-directional
plastic
historic
multiple disiplinaries
Development in..
ancient greece:
1.Plato
2.Aristotle
1.dont spoil or be to strict
2.adolecent males...no sexual constrant
development in...
Medievil times:
1.Aries
2.Huminculus theory
1.no child just little adult
2.children were the same as adults
development in...
the Renasance:
1.Lock
2.Rouseau
3.Darwin
3a.'-> Empiricle study
1."tabula rosa" adults and children have different thoughts
2. (he was the father if childrens psychology..5 orphan kids) born good corrupted by society
3.baby biographies
3a. people are open for observation and experiments.
3.
quotes...
1.Bronowinkie: science is..
2.Poincare:
1.finding natural order in organized facts under univeral concepts
2. house:bricks as science:facts
...theories need to be developed and followed through
4 catagories of development:
1.Frued
2.proget
3.Skinner
4.Brunbrenner
1.psychoanalitic -> Emotions inner conflict
2.cognitive thought -> info processing
3.Learning/Behavior -> reward + punishment
4.contextual -> settings of development
Sigmunds theory
1.children
2. conscience
1. children have unconscience sexual feelings.. which can effect adulthood
2.ID.. pleasure seeking
Ego...rationalizing
Super Ego...Max murals
Freuds unconscience psychosexual theory on LABEDO LOCATION in kids.... 5 stages
1.oral [0-1]
2.anal [1-3]
3.phallic [3-5]... be like same sex parent
4.latency [6-12]..impulse to get along
5. genitala [12-18] conscience
Edipus and Electra complex
unconscience attraction to parent so instead want to be just like same sex parent
Theories:
1.Learner
2.Piaget
3.Bandura
4.Skinner
1.focus on genetics insted of environment
2.kids think differently
3.development from interaction, babys imitate "social learning theory"
4.change from envirn. rewards + punishments....skinner box
Bunfenbrunner Environment theory:
study kids in natural envirn. no labs...
we change env ...env changes us
Bunfenbrunner system:
1.Microsystem
2.Mesosystem
3.Exosystem
4.Macrosystem
5.cronosystem
1.immediate settings [roles,activities]
2.relationship of roles within immediate setting
3.other experiences that effect microsystem ( bad work day)
4.culture + society (norms like driving age)
5.envirnment events..(grwing up in an era like the depresion..or non-norms)
1.Experimental
2.Non-experimental
3.Methods
1.random, treatment and control group
2. non random since some thing cant be assigned like affects of child beating
3.tools to gather data and test theory
Model of Reciprical Influence
Behavior(study)
<-' '->
personal reason (desire to do well)<----->envirn(library)

deficult to tell what is effecting what
1.ethnic gloss
2.Homegeneous
3.Heterogeneous
1. superficial label,lose individuality
2.some similarities in group
3. a lot of differences
1.Genetic endowment
2.Monozygote
3.Dyzygote
1. role of developement..30000 genes
2.identical twins 100% genotype
3.fraternal twins 50% genotype
1.Passive genotype
2.evocotive genotype
3.active genotype
1.parents and kids similar
2.create env. around them
3. search for env. that fits
Developmental Methods:
1.Cross section
2.Longitudinal section
3. Subject Attrition
1.diff age people asses age difference
2. same people over time asses changes.. takes time and $
3.drop out rate so pay well to keep happy to stay in
Developmental Methods (cont.):
1.Scheme
2.Assimilation
3.Accomidation
1.symbols represention to arrange knoledge
2.incorporate new info into old
3.adjust to new info
1.observation
2.survay
3.Correlation (+/-)
4.3rd variable correlation
1. act un-natural
2. self experts, may lie
3. positive: H/H + L/L
negative: H/L + L/
[0 none]; [1 perfect + ]; [-1 perfect -]
**perfect means values are directly related

4.[close family --> healthy kids --> good friends --> close family]
Erik Erikson:
*traveled europe for art, trained under darwins daughter, worked in Universities after.
*life long development, adapt to life long env.
Erik Erikson's (8 stages)
psychosocial Development theory:
1. [0-18m]
2. [18m-3yrs]
3. [3-5]
4. [6-peuberty]
5. [peuberty-adult]
6. [young adulthood]
7. [Mid adulthood]
8. [old age]
1.trust/mistrust:
2.autonomy/shame+doubt:sence of self "NO"
3.Initiative/guilt: "I can do it myself" set goals.
4.Industry/Identity:
5.Identity/Identity confusion: look diff, decide who you want to be
6.Intimacy/Isolation: find self lose in another
7.generativity/stagnation: live forever in children
8.Integrity/despair:
Piaget Cognitive Development Theory: 4 stages
1. [0-2]
2. [2-7]
3. [7-11]
4. [11-15]
1. sensormitor stage: experience world through sences, shceme
2. Preoperational stage: representational thought (pretend)
3.Concrete operation stage: logical reasoning
4. Formal operational stage: abtract terms (self>future>school>relationship)
Within Piaget stages:
IN
stage 1: object perminance
stage 3: conservation example
stage 4: post formal thought
stg 1:understaning an object doesnt disappear when its hidden

stg 3: two beakers same water kids think taller has more.

stg 4:emotional subjectivity, reflective, realistic , shades of gray.
Piaget pros and cons
pros:
*kids dont think like adults
*cognitions change
*child observation
*env to learn world
cons:
*gray stages
*can teach kids to move up stages
*culture and education differences