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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Preference Technique
collect data;visual stimuli
(ex. m/f faces - prefer?)
Counter Balance
Habituation Technique (blue/green cards0
Novelty (novel/nonovel0
Stimuli-decline in responsiveness if it has no rewarding consequences.
Using rewards (mobile)
2 to 3 times more
rewards motor movemennts-remember
(take away for 2 wks)
Visual Cliff Exper.(table plexyglass)
equipment (babies visual depth)
The Active Mind
Not blankslate/existing structure, fits-assimilated, nofit-rejected
Schema
Structure in mind; mental structures that process into. perception experiences involving things, event processes
Changes to Schemata
become more elaborate
3 reasonings
1)Assimilation
making new info part of ones schema
2)Accommodation
changing thought process when new object/idea doesnt fit existing concepts
3)Equalibrium
tries to find balance - process in which individuals seek a balance b/t enviroment/own structure of thought
Sensorimotor Stage (birht-2)
3 reasonings
1)Action schemata:thought=overt action
looking,grasping, relies on senses/ bodily motions
2)No symbolic thought
everything represents what it is
3)Object Permanance
ability to recognize that objects still exist while no longer in sight
Children/Infants more sophisticated that first believed
developed earlier
Continuos process (vs. stages)
If you have a sensitive measure
-developed earlier than pioget
Role of culture overlooked
(language and enviroment)
Culturally determined
Moral Reasoning
thinking that occurs when what's right/wrong
Preconventional
Lowest level-whats right/wrong based on external consequences
moral delima (pro-life vs. prochoice)
Conventional
justify their actions on the basis of internalized rule (<9)
Postconventional
based on abstact principles that may conflict w/ accepted standards
(formal operational thought, agreed upon rights, ethical basic principles)

PRINCIPLE
Attachment
under any circumstance... an intense emotional bond b/t caregiver&baby
Harlow-monkey moms
preferred cloth-establishing attachment
Ainsworth/Bowlby-the "secure base"
diads- mother+infant
(observe in play room)
"Strange Situation" technique
1)watching m/b
2)baby alone
3)friendly stranger
4)mother returns
The STRANGE SITUATION
Ind-value self-happiness w/o family, growup 2 be indep.

Collect-loyalty obligation w/ those u live w/, interdep.
Secure
(60-70%)
baby will explore w/ mom
avoidant
(20-25%)
avoids mom, acts cold when she returns
resistant
(10%)
ambiguous, lack of trust for parent
disorganized
(5-8%)
Abused, inconsistant responses
Importance of temperament
promote survival-adaptive stages of psychsocial development
Erikson:social conflict
EIGHT
trust vs mistrust(+1)
rely on others-dep-will develop trust
Autonomy vs shame and doubt(2-3)
own way(walk)-indep(Aton)
Initiative vs guilt(3-5)
wider social world/responsibilities, plans
industry vs inferiority(5-12)
knowledge&intellect, tasks or inferior
indentity vs indentity confusion (teens-20s)
who one is/where one is goin in life, vs role confusion
Intanacy vs isolation(adulthood) (m20-m40)
sharing oneself w/ another person or socially isolated
generativity vs stagnation(middle age) (40s-60s)
well into careers, caring for others vs lack of purpose
integrity vs despair(elderly)
if successful-integrity(broad truths) vs bitterness/incomplete
gender-role
specific patterns of behavior consistant w/ society's dictums
ageism
prejudice against an individual based on their age
Death and Dying
Elisabeth Kubler-Ross (1969,1974)
5 stages:denial, anger,bargaining, depression, acceptance