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11 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
What are the functions of ligaments?
ligaments connect bone to bone
bone to bone
What are the functions of cartlidge?
cushions the bone and is found in the outer ear and tip of the nose
outer ear and tip of the nose
Name the type of joint find in the shoulder and hip. Explain how this joint moves.
The joint that is found in the shoulder and hip is the ball and socket joint. This joint moves around in a circle.
moves around in a circle
How do the words bone marrow and blood cell relate to each other?
Bone marrow is where blood cells are made.
blood cells
Which is not a function of the skeletal system.

a. exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide to produce energy
b. produces blood cells
c. protects organs
d. provides shape and support
a. exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide to produce energy
breathing in, breathing out
When muscles contract they become?

a. longer
b. shorter
b. shorter
Involuntary muscles work without your brain telling them to move. Are involuntary muscles?

a. heart
b. diaphram
c. stomach
d. legs
e. neck
a. heart
b. diaphram
c. stomach
Name three types of muscles and tell where they are found on the body.
smooth muscles do not have bands, are involuntary, found breathing, blood pressure, digestive system

skeletal muscles have bands and are attached to the bone

cardiac muscles are found in the heart
During exercise you need more oxygen. Which of the following statements are true as you exercise.

a. carbon dioxide intake increases
b. oxygen output is increased
c. carbon dioxide output is increased
d. the heart pumps blood faster to all parts of the body
c. carbon dioxide output is increased
d. the heart pumps blood faster to all parts of the body
Explain how blood flows from the heart to the lungs by naming three important structures in correct sequence.
If the blood begins in the aorta if up to the head and shoulders to give oxygen through the capillaries to the body and it collects carbon dioxide. Blood returns to the heart from the inferior vena cava then to the right atrium through a one way valve to the right ventricle. From here blood goes to the lungs through a one way valve to get rid of carbon dioxide and get oxygen. Blood returns to the heart through the pulmonary vein to the left atrium. It moves to the left ventricle through a one way valve and back to the aorta.
start:
A aorta
H head and shoulders
O oxygen to capillaries
C collects carbon dioxide
B blood returns to heart from
IVC inferior vena cava to the
RA right atrium through
O one way valve to
RV right ventricle to
L lungs through
O one way valve to
CD get rid of carbon dioxide and get
O oxygen
B blood returns to the
H heart through the
PV pulmonary vein to the
LA left atrium and moves to the
LV left ventricle through a
O one way valve and back to the
A aorta
end
Explain how blood flows from the heart to the lungs by naming three important structures in correct sequence.
Right upper chamber called the right atrium
Right lower chamber called the right ventricle
to the pulmonary artery
to the lungs
RA right atrium
RV right ventricle
PA Pulmonary artery