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78 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM
the external overing of the body or the skin
SKELETAL SYSTEM
consists of bones, catilages, ligaments, & joints
MUSCULAR SYSTEM
the skeletal muscles those responsibel for the movement of the body form the muscular system
NEVOUS SYSTEM
the body's fasting acting control system sonsists of the brain, spinal chord, neves & sensory receptors
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
controls the obdy activities, but much more slowly than the nevrous system. Produce hormones and relase them in to the blood.
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
consists of heart & blood vessels
LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
consists of lymphatic vessels lymph nodes & other organs like the spleen & tonsils. Helps defend the body against disease agents.
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
keeps the body constantly supplied with oxygen & to remove carbon dioxide
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
responsible or breaking down food & delivering the products to the blood for dispersal to the dody cells
URINARY SYSTEM
removes the nitrogenous containg wastes from the blood & fulushes them the body in urine
REPORDUCTIVE SYSETM
exists primarilry to produce offspring
SUPERIOR
above
ANTERIOR
toward the front of
MEDIAL
middle
LATERAL
far away from middle
PROXIMAL
torso
PRISTAL
father away from torso
SUPERFICAL
shallow
ABDOMINAL
inferior to your ribs {in your body trunk}
ANTECUBITAL
front of your elbow
CUBITAL
back of your elbow
AXILLARY
armpit
BRACHIAL
upperarm
BUCCAL
cheek
CARPAL
wrists
CERVICAL
neck area
DIGITAL
finger and toes
FEMORAL
upper leg
INGUINAL
where the legs meet the joints
NASEL
nose area
ORAL
mouth area
ORBITAL
eye area
PATELLOR
knne area (interior)
PUBIC
gential area
STERNAL
breast bone area
TARSAL
ankle
THORACIC
chest area
UMBILICAL
navel area
CEPHALIC
top back of your head
DELTOID
curve of your shoulder area
GLUTEAL
Bottom
LUMBAR
back area
OCCIPITAL
very back area of your head
POPLITEAL
back knee area
SCAPULAR
shoulder blade region
VERTEBAL
entire spine
SAGITTAL PLANE
seperates the body longituinally into right and left plane
FRONTAL PLANE
seperates the body on a longitudinal plane into anterior and posterior parts
TRANSVERSE PLANE
seperates the body horizontally into superior and inferior parts
NUCLEUS
control center contains DNA
NUCLEAR MEMBRANE of the nucleus
double membrane & is seletive premenable
NUCLEOIC OF THE NUCLEUS
site of ribosomes synthesis
CHROMATIN
forms chromosomes
PLASMA MEMBRANE
outer membrane *regulates what enters the cell
CYTOPLASM
cellular material outside of nucleus
5 major elements in cytoplasm
cytosol, inclusions,organelles
Cytosol
semi transparent fluid that suspends the elements
INCLUSIONS
non-funtioning units (fat,mucus)
ORGANELLES
utabolic meachinery of cell and carries out a specific function
RIBOSOMES
site of protein sythesis and make proteins
ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
transports things in the cell
SMOOTH ER
no ribosomes
ROUGH ER
with ribosomes
GOGI APPARATUS
located close to nucleus modifies and packages proteins sent by rough ER
LYSOSOMES
membrena bags containing powerful digestive enzymes
PEROXISOMES
membrane sacs that contain an enzymes to detoxify harmful substances
MITOCHONDRIA
powerhouse of hte cell provides ATP for the cell
CYTOSKELETON
protein structures that extend through the cytoplasm, provides shape and support the cell
CENTROILES
direct the formation of hte mitotic spindle during cell division
CHEMISTRY
body is made ou of 9 minor elements & 4 MAJOR elements
4 MAJOR ELEMENTS in BODY
Oxygen , Hydrogen, Carbon, Nitrogen
OXYGEN
65%
CARBON
18.5%
HYDROGEN
9.5%
NITROGEN
3.2
9 MINOR ELEMENTS
make up 4%
Anatomy
the study of the structure and shape of the body and body parts & there relationships to one another
PHYSIOLOGY
the study of how the body and its parts function