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134 Cards in this Set

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Provides information about events that have occurred prior to the beginning of the play.
The concluding scene that includes the departure of all the characters and the chorus.
Specifics- Particular Forms are Particular
General Forms are Universal
A feud between two families or clans that arises out of a slaying and is perpetuated by retaliatory acts of revenge; a blood feud.
What has to be. A strange combination of Natural Law & fate.
What is tied to ones Ananke?
A person's character.
The entrance of the chorus.
Philosophical argumentation & reasoning - - philosophical discourse.
A graded or ranked series. Most highly valued on top.
A hymn sung & danced in honor of the god Dionysus
Develop the action of the play. There are usually 6, separated by choral songs.
Is one in which we attempt to understand the world & the things & people in it, in relation to their ultimate end.
Who was the author of "Solon's Poem"?
In what period & culture was "Solon's Poem" written?
Archaic Period & Greek
What medium is "Solon's Poem"?
Who was the artist of "The Snake Goddess from Knossos"?
In what culture was "The Snake Goddess from Knossos" made?
Solon was a _________________.
Tyrant (meant king)
What did the group of people call themselves before Greece was formed?
Hellenes were united by ____________________.
1. A common language 2. A common religion 3. A common heritage
The Greek culture had what type of religion?
In "Solon's Poem" who will never destroy the city?
The gods
Who is the head of the Greek Pantheon?
In "Solon's Poem," why can't the gods destroy Athens?
It is protected by Pallas Athena- the daughter of Zeus.
In "Solon's Poem," who can destroy Athens?
The people themselves.
In "Solon's Poem," what is the root cause of this destructive behavior?
In "Solon's Poem," who will seek vengeance for this bed behavior?
In "Solon's Poem," who will save the city?
Good government
Who were Dionysus' parents?
Zeus & a mortal woman
As a god, Dionysus was associated with _______________.
1. Fertility 2. Wine 3. Revelry
What was The City of Dionysia?
One of four annual festivals honoring Dionysus.
In "Solon's Poem," bad Gov stole from who?
1. Each other 2. The public 3. The gods
In "Solon's Poem," what will be the results of the evil?
1. Slavery 2. Internal strife 3. Warfare 4. People will leave the city
Why is The City of Dionysia important to Greek Drama?
It was the first to hold a dramatic competition.
When was "The Golden Age of Greek Drama"?
The Fifth Century BCE
Who where the 3 great playwrights still extant?
1. Aeschylus (eskulees) 2. Sophocles (sofuklees) 3. Euripides (uripidees)
What are two other characteristics of tragedy?
1. Most, but not all, scenes of violence & death occur offstage. 2. Most, but not all, tragedies are set in a single place.
What is a trilogy?
It is a set of three plays that are usually based on the same theme.
What trilogy did we read parts of?
What is the theme of the "Orestia"?
What is the 1st play in the "Orestia"?
What period was "Agamemnon" written?
Fifth Century BCE
Who was the author of "Agamemnon"?
What form is "Agamemnon"?
The action in "Agamemnon" revolves around ____________.
Agamemnon return from the Trojan War & his murder by his wife & her lover.
Who are the Furies?
Older race & ugly. Sometimes seen as creatures of the underworld whose job it is to punish sinners. Dispensers of justice.
What is the 3rd & last play in the "Orestia"?
The Eumenides
What period was "Eumenides" written?
Fifth Century BCE
Who was the author of "Eumenides"?
What form is "Eumenides"?
The action in "Eumenides" revolves around ____________.
Orestes is put on trial for the murder of his mother.
What is the significance to "Eumenides"?
First trial by jury.
In "House of Atreus," who killed his son Pelops & tried to serve him to the gods for dinner?
In "House of Atreus," how did the gods punish Tantalus for trying to trick them?
They set Tantalus in a pool in Hades, where, for eternity, he was always hungry & always thirsty. Food & drink were always out of his reach.
What word comes from Tantalus' name?
Tantalize, because he was tantalized by the unattainable food & drink.
In "House of Atreus," after Tantalus, who committed the next crime?
Thyestes had an affair w/ his brother, Atreus' wife.
In "House of Atreus," how did Atreus punish his brother, Thyestes?
Atreus killed 2 of Thyeses' sons & served them to their father for dinner.
Agamemnon was ________________ son.
What was Agamemnon?
A great king.
In "House of Atreus," in order to bring back the winds, Agamemnon ____________________ to appease the goddess Diana.
Sacrificed his daughter, Iphigenia
In "House of Atreus," who is Clytemnestra?
Agamemnon's wife
In "House of Atreus," who is Aegisthus?
Clytemnestra's lover, Agamemnon's cousin, Thyestes' son & Atreus' nephew
In "House of Atreus," what was Clytemnestra's crime?
She killed her husband, Agamemnon
In "House of Atreus," who is Cassandra?
A priestess, prophetess, princess, Priam's daughter and Agamemnon's concubine
In "Eumenides," what was Orestres' crime?
He killed his mother & her lover.
"Agamemnon" set in ______________.
In "Eumenides," why did Orestres' crime anger the Furies so much?
It was a blood crime.
In "Eumenides," what happened to Orestres' after his trial?
He goes home to rule Argos.
In "Eumenides," ____________________ is also on trial.
In "Eumenides," who acts as Orestres' defender?
In "Eumenides," who acts as the prosecution?
The Furies
In "Eumenides," who is in charge of the trial?
In "Eumenides," how does Apollo argue that Orestes is not guilty of a blood crime?
That a mother is not a parent.
What Ionian Philosopher believed that the basic substance of all things was water?
What Ionian Philosopher believed that the basic substance of all things was "Boundless"?
Who was the artist of "Discus Thrower?
What Ionian Philosopher said that a great "Logos" guided all the change of the universe?
What Ionian Philosopher believed that number was the essence of all things?
What is Aesthetics?
It is the philosophical study of art.
Plato was in search for _________________.
True Knowledge
According to Plato, the only objects that you can study for True Knowledge are objects that are ___________.
According to Plato, what are the 2 characteristics of real things?
1. Eternal 2. Unchanging
According to Plato, is anything in the sensible world (see, hear, taste, touch) real?
According to Plato, what are the things that are real?
FORMS are not in the sensible world. Real things had to be somewhere else.
According to Plato, if Forms are not in the sensible world, how do we study them?
The Divided Line
How does the Divided Line work?
It is Hierarchical.
What is the method of progression up the Divided Line?
According to Plato, why is art dangerous?
1. It can inflame the passions & natural enemies of reason. 2. Misleading
What are the 4 Realms of the Divided Line?
1=bottom. Realm of Images 2. The Visible Realm 3. The Scientific Realm 4. The Realm of Forms
What was Lamb's big mistake concerning Plato?
Says that the building was its most real when it was an idea in the architects mind. Because the idea would fall into the Realm of Imagination, the architect would be like an artist. It is the opposite of what Plato said.
What is The Realm of Images?
1st level - Study things of Imagination.
What is The Visible Realm?
2nd level - Study of things in the real world.
What is The Scientific Realm?
3rd level - Study of mathematic axioms & laws.
What is The Realm of Forms?
Top level - Study of forms, which are the objects of true knowledge.
For Plato, there is only one path to knowledge and that is ____________________________.
Up the Divided Line.
What method is Aristotle famous for?
Teleological approach.
What does "telos" mean?
A thing's ultimate goal or good.
What are the "Poetics" about/ what is Aristotle trying to define?
What is the relationship between Aristotle's beliefs that poetry is a the higher & more philosophical thing than history?
Poetry is more philosophical than history because it deals with the universal.
According to Aristotle, what is the relationship between history & a particular?
History deals with particulars.
According to Aristotle, Poetry deals in __________.
According to Aristotle, Poetry is more universal because it deals with __________.
According to Aristotle, ______________ is more universal than history.
What is the 1st way Aristotle's Poetics have impacted dramatic literature?
For thousands of years, dramatic critics & playwrights have used Aristotle's definition of tragedy as a kind of home base.
What is the 2nd way Aristotle's Poetics have impacted dramatic literature?
Through the interpretation of Poetics that Renaissance & neo-Classic drama critics & playwrights formulated "The Three Unities"
What is the 3rd way Aristotle's Poetics have impacted dramatic literature?
We still talk about the six characteristics of tragedy/ stood the test of time.
What are "The Three Unities"?
1. Action 2. Time 3. Place
According to Aristotle, a tragedy must have only a ____________ plot.
Single, that is unity of action.
According to Aristotle, a tragedy must contain all of its action within a ____________ day.
Single, that is unity of time.
According to Aristotle, a tragedy must happen in only ____________ place.
One, that is unity of place.
According to Aristotle, what are the six characteristics of tragedy?
1. Plot 2. Character 3. Diction 4. Thought 5. Spectacle 6. Melody
What is the Plot of a tragedy?
What happens.
What is the Character of a tragedy?
Moral qualities of agent
What is the Diction of a tragedy?
The language of the play.
What is the Thought of a tragedy?
The themes & thesis set out in a work.
What is the Spectacle of a tragedy?
Set, Costumes and so on.
What is the Melody of a tragedy?
The music which accompanied the drama.
Give an example of how Aristotle's definition of tragedy is used as a home base?
In Authur Millers, Death of a Salesman, he used Aristotle's definition of character as a base, but we see him change what kind of character can be nobel..
Give an example of how The Three Unities impacted dramatic literature?
In France, from 1570-1750, these unities dominated intellectual theatre.
Give an example of how one of the 6 characteristics of tragedy impacted dramatic literature?
Themes as in the Orestia it is Justice. Thesis- Vendetta Justice vs. Trial by Jury Justice. 1st is Primitive 2nd more civilized..
What period is "Kor of Auxerre"?
What period is "Delphi Charioteer"?
Early Classical
What period is "Poseidon" (Zeus)?
Early Classical
What period is "Discus Thrower?
Early Classical
What period is "Victory Untying her Sandal"?
High Classical
What period is "Aphrodite of Knidos" ?
Late Classical
What period is "The Dying Gaul"?
What period is "Laocoon & His Sons"?
What period is "Amphora of the Dipylon"?
What period is "Muse on Mt. Helicon"?
High Classical
What period is "The Parthenon"?
High Classical
What period is "Temple of Athena Nike"?
High Classical