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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
SYNTAX
How nouns relate to their verbs or to other nouns in the sentence.
CASE
The name which denotes a noun's relationship to the verb.
INFLECTION
The ending on a noun, pronoun, or adjective that indicates its Case.
DECLENSION
A group of nouns that all use the same set of INFLECTIONS. There are 5 Declensions in Latin.
NOMINATIVE CASE
The subject of the verb, its dictionary name and the predicate subject (BILL likes Mary.)
GENITIVE
A noun which possesses something. (Mary's dog, queen of Spain.)
DATIVE
a noun directly affected by the verb, or an interested party. (I baked Bill a cake.)
ACCUSATIVE
The direct object of the verb/noun directly acted on by a transitive verb. (I baked a cake.)
ABLATIVE
The noun that is the object of most prepositions (in, on, with, without, by means of, by, from, etc.)
Neutral noun

war = bellum, -i
Subject: bellum bella
Possessive: belli bellorum
Dative: bello bellis
accusative: bellum bella
ablative: bello bellis
villa, villae (f)
farmhouse, house
(f)
feminine noun, 1st declension

villa, villae (f)
Nominative: villa villae
Genitive: villae villarum
Dative: villae villis
Accusative: villam villas
Ablative: villa villis
annus, anni (m)
year (m)
masculine noun/ 2nd declension

annus, anni (m)
war
Nominative: annus anni
Genitive: anni annorum
Dative: anno annis
Accusative: annum annos
Ablative: anno annis
ager, agri (m)
field (m)
amicus, amici (m)
friend (m)