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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Closed shop
Form of union security in which the company can hire only union members. Outlawed in 1947 but still exists in some industries (such as printing).
Union shop
Form of union security in which the company can hire nonunion people but they must join the union after a prescribed period of time and pay dues. (If not, the can be fired.)
Agency shop
Form of union security in which employees who do not belong to the union must still pay union dues on the assumption that union efforts benefit all workers.
Open shop
Form of union security in which the workers decide whether or not to join the union, and those who join must pay dues.
Right-to-work
Public policy in a number of states that prohibits union security of any kind.
AFL-CIO
Voluntary federation of the United States of about 100 national and international unions.
Norris-LaGuardia Act
Law marked the beginning of the era of strong encouragement of unions and guaranteed to each employee the right to bargain collectively “free from interference, restraint, or coercion.”
Wagner Act
Law that banned certain types of unfair labor practices and provided for secret-ballot elections and majority rule for determining whether or not a firm’s employees want to unionize.
National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)
Agency created by the Wagner Act to investigate unfair labor practice charges and to provide for secret-ballot elections and majority rule in determining whether or not a firm’s employees want to unionize.
Taft-Hartley Act
Law prohibiting union unfair labor practices and enumerating the rights of employees as union members. Also enumerates the rights of employers.
(Labor Management Relations Act)
National emergency strikes
Strikes that might “imperil the national health and safety.”
Landrum-Griffin Act
Law aimed at protecting union members from possible wrongdoing on the part of their unions.
Union salting
Union organizing tactic by which workers who are employed by a union as undercover union organizers are hired by unwitting employers.
Authorization cards
In order to petition for a union election, the union must show that at least 30% of employees may be interested in being unionized. Employees indicate this interest by signing authorization cards.
Bargaining unit
Group of employees the union will be authorized to represent.
Collective bargaining
Process through which representatives of management and the union meet to negotiate a labor agreement.
Good-faith bargaining
Term that means both parties are communicating and negotiating and that proposals are being matched with counterproposals, with both parties making every reasonable effort to arrive at agreements. It does not mean that either party is compelled to agree to a proposal.
Voluntary bargaining items
Items in collective bargaining for which bargaining is neither illegal nor mandatory – neither party can be compelled to negotiate over those items.
Illegal bargaining items
Items in collective bargaining that are forbidden by law; for example, the clause agreeing to hire “union members exclusively” would be illegal in a right-to-work state.
Mandatory bargaining items
Items in collective bargaining that a party must bargain over if the other party introduces them – for example, pay.
Mediation
Labor relations intervention in which a neutral third party tries to assist the principals in reaching an agreement.
Fact-finder
In labor relations, a neutral party who studies the issues in a dispute and makes a public recommendation for a reasonable settlement.
Arbitration
Most definitive type of third-party intervention, in which the arbitrator often has the power to determine and dictate the settlement terms.
Economic strike
Unfair labor practice strike
Wildcat strike
Unauthorized strike occurring during the term of the contract.
Sympathy strike
Strike that takes place when one union strikes in support of another’s strike.
Boycott
Combined refusal by employees and other interested parties to buy or use the employer’s products.
Lockout
Refusal by the employer to provide opportunities to work.