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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Eris
evil goddess of Discord

major troublemaker

not popular with other gods and goddesses

not invited to marriage of King Peleus and Thetis

Threw a goldedn apple into banquet hall where marriage was taking place

Achilles's mother
Aphrodite, Hera, Athena
most beautiful goddesses in contest
Paris was asked to be judge because
Zeus couldn't choose b/w wife and daughters
_________________ promised best gift (most beautiful woman in the world: Helen of Troy)
Aphrodite
Helen already married to
Menelaus
Trojans
Hector (best warrior/ son of Priam)
King Priam (leader of the _________)
Paris (prince/ Hector's brother)

Zeus
Aphrodite
Ares
Apollo
Artemis
Greeks/ Spartans
Achilles (best warrior and immortal)
Agamemnon (leader)
Menelaus (Agamenon's brother)

Odysseus
Ajax
Diomedes (adviosar)
Nestor
Athena
Poseidon
Hera
_________________ won war
Greeks
Odysseus
came up with plan of "Wooden Horse"

forced to wander on sea for 10 years
Homer
1st recognized poet of Western literature

accepted as author of Illiad and Odyssey

some scholars doubt he existed

according to tradition: poor, blind, old, very wise, wandered from city to city

couldn't read or write- recited or sang verses

lived around 800 BC

by 400 BC his epics had become classics
Ilion
another name for Troy
Epic hero
legendary figure of almost superhuman qualities whose advetures form core of epic; show goals of virtues of an entire nation or culture
Epithet
descriptive word or phrase attached to person or thing, usually stressing a particular characteristic
Invocation
pray to the Muse (goddess of the artists) for help in telling the story
In Medias Res
Latin term meaning "in the middle of things'; epic poems usually begin in the "middle" after much of the action has already happened
Homeric Simile
lengthy and elaborate comparison of one thing to another (using like or as)

AKA epic similie and Heoric Simile
Mood
serious; language is elevated/ complicated in Homeric Simile
Virtues emphasized in Odyssey
love of home

loyalty to family

hospitality

loyalty to the gods
Oral Tradition
passed down by word of mouth
minstrels
wandering singers and storytellers
rhythm and repition
used to aid in memorization
________ changed as __________ changed
stories; audience