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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the three forces that affected home design
Political, economic
Social, Cultural
What are the factors behind the Political, economic force that affected housing
-1862- Homestead Act
-1934-FHA Established
-1981- Mortgage Rates Skyrocket
What are the technical factors that affected home design?
-Transportation allows for the growth of suburbia
-The use of advanced energy systems
-Construction technology & the use of new materials to build homes
What are the social, cultural factors that affected home design?
-Changes in compositions of the family
-Emphasis on leisure
-Famous people have an impact
-Thomas Jefferson
-Frank Lloyd Wright
-Jackie Kennedy
Earth Lodge?
Around 300 AD, first buildings throughout southwest, mound shaped houses covered by Earth
First condominium, apt like complex, adobe brick, joint ownership to each house. People still live in pueblos
(Teepee) First mobile home, carried house with them, women made them
First hybrid house, earth lodge put on top of log cabin
Navajo-Southwestern U.S. got idea from white mans log cabin
National house, built all over, as Native Americans were pushed West the wigwam went with them, birch covered frame
First 3 or 4 generation house, room for 3 different fires
Half Timber Medieval
Small simple one room structure, steep thatched roof, wood frame exposed, fireplace and chimney located outside the house to reduce heat when cooking
Log Cabin
very popular in Finland, brought to US along east coast, trees where abundant, bullet and arrow proof- rarely any windows, moved west, less popular in east
from tudor dynasty in England, Americans picked up style, side gables, large elaborate chimneys
Spanish colonial
southwest, no windows, just one family, made of adobe brick and logs
French colonial
New Orleans, narrow doors, stucco walls, tall brick foundations, extensive porches that wrap around the house b/c theres no hallways
Dutch colonial
double door, dutch door, barn roof
Cape Cod
Smaller house, steep roof, better for weather, large chimney one of the most popular in U.S.
Garrison Colonial
more for protection, 2nd floor juts out, windows on second floor are smaller than first floor, looks like a fort
Salt Box Colonial
Rear had no windows, sloped roof, lean to roof, rear was used for extra housing and birthing rooms
Georgian Colonial
king George was ruler during this time period, showed prestige and wealth, square very symmetrical, main door, flattened columns, 5 windows above door
Southern colonial
salt box form, chimney on each end, windows small peices of glass
mix of georgian and adamous, numerous end chimneys, 2,3, or 4 stories, think white house
greek revival
national style, admire greek style b/c they were democratic, southern plantation homes
san fransisco, not much in south, farmhouses
Eastern Stick style
mark twains house, flatbaords stick out at you
Queen anne
bold colors, wrap around porches, highly ornamental
Gothic Revival
first stone then wood, pointed arch, gingerbread trim
Shotgun house
very small, carvings on the outside, cost of wood fell, so made houses cheap, poverty housing, 1 room wide
Craftsman Movement
Greene and Greene Brothers, inspired by arts and crafts movements, return to nature
Prairie Style
Frank Lloyd Wright, open floor plan, low pitched roof, house very proportionate, centered around chimney
Arts and Crafts Bungalow
Started in california, very cheap, small but symbolized the good american life, chicago bungalow-- 2 stories larger windows
American 4 square
mail order kits, 2, 3, or 4 pillars, prairie box, open floor plan
Ranch house
cliff may, practical, everyone had there own automobile, no style, cookie cutter house, single story
Quonset Hut
navy needed shelter for supplies and equipment, arched form
lived in communities of just shakers, 18 communites, hand made
A Frame
in mountains or beaches, roof touches the ground, 1 1/2 or 2 1/2 stories, snow and wind just fall off the roof
Geodesic dome
spherical structure made of triangles, the bigger the stronger