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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Basic Anxiety
Feeling of isolation and helplessness resulting from inadequate parenting in infancy.
Basic Hostility
Feeling of anger by the young child toward the parents, which must be repressed.
Moving Toward
Interpersonal orientation emphasizing dependency.
Moving Against
Interpersonal orientation emphasizing dependency.
Moving Away
Interpersonal orientation emphasizing separation from others.
Self-Effacing Solution
Attempting to solve conflict by seeking love; moving toward people.
Expansive Solution
Attempting to solve neurotic conflict by seeking mastery; moving against people.
Resignation Solution
Attempting to solve neurotic conflict by seeking freedom; moving away from people.
Idealized Self
An image of what a person wishes to be.
Real Self
The vital, unique center of the self, which has growth potential.
Actual Self
What a person really is at a given time, seen objectively.
Tyranny of the Shoulds
Inner demands to live up to the idealized self.
Externalization
Defense mechanism in which conflicts are projected outside.
Blind Spots
Secondary adjustment technique in which a person is unaware of behavior inconsistent with the idealized self-image.
Compartmentalization
Secondary adjustment technique in which incompatible behaviors are not simultaneously recognized.
Rationalization
Secondary adjustment technique in which a person explains behaviors in socially acceptable ways.
Excessive Self-Control
Secondary adjustment technique in which emotions are avoided.
Arbitrary Rightness
Secondary adjustment technique in which a person rigidly declares what his or her own view is correct.
Elusiveness
Secondary adjustment technique in which a person avoids commitment to any opinion or action.
Cynicism
Secondary adjustment technique in which the moral values of society are rejected.
Womb Envy
Men's envy of women's reproductive capacity (the complement of Freud's penis envy.)
Individualism
Values, predominant in many Western cultures, of individual goals and achievement (in contrast to shared group goals and cooperation.)
Collectivism
Values, predominant in some cultures, or social cooperation and group goals.
Relational Approach
Approach in modern psychoanalysis that emphasizes interpersonal relationships rather than libidinal fixations.
Object Relations
Term used in psychoanalysis for relationships with people, based originally on the idea that people serve as objects to satisfy libidinal drives.
Narcissism
Unhealthy self-focus that impairs the ability to have healthy, empathetic relationships with other people.
Attachment
Bonds of affection in which an infant turns to the mother or other caretaker for comfort and security; by extension, close interpersonal styles in adulthood.