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96 Cards in this Set

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Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Oxytocin
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Growth Hormone
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Adrenal Corticotrophic Hormone (ACTH)
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
T3 and T4
Amino Acid
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Prolactin
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Melatonin
Amino Acid
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Atrial Naturetic Peptide
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Calcitonin
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Erthropoietin
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Aldosterone
Steroid
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Cortisol
Steroid
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Testosterone
Steroid
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Estrogen
Steroid
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
DHEA
Steroid
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Insulin
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Glucagon
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Somatostatin
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Progestorone
Steroid
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Parathyroid Hormone
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Inhibin
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Epinephrine
Amino Acid
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Renin
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Gastrin
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Cholecystokinin
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Secretin
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Somatomedins
Peptide
Peptide, Steroid, or AA:
Calcitriol
Steroid
Source: TSH
Anterior Pituitary (thyrotropes)
Effector & Effect: TSH
Thyroid Gland:
Glandular growth & secretion of thyroid hormone
Source: Oxytocin
Posterior Pituitary
Effector & Effect: Oxytocin
Uterus and mammary glands:
Labor contractions and milk release
Source: FSH
Anterior Pituitary (gonadotropes)
Effector & Effect: FSH
Ovaries and Testes:
Growth of ovarian follicles, and estrogen secretion in females; sperm production in males
Source: LH
Anterior Pituitary: gonadotropes
Effector & Effect: LH
Ovarian follicle and interstitial cells of testes:
LH surge causes ovulation and produces progesterone via corpus luteum in females. Stimulates interstitial cells of testes to make testosterone in males.
Source: GH
Anterior Pituitary: somatotropes
Effector & Effect: GH
Liver:
Somatomedin secretion
Source: Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Posterior Pituitary
Effector and Effect: ADH
Kidneys:
Water retention
Source: Adrenal Corticotrophic Hormone (ACTH)
Anterior Pituitary (corticotropes)
Effector & Effects: ACTH
Adrenal cortex:
Glandular growth and secretion of corticosteriods
Source: T3 and T4 (thyroid hormone)
Thyroid follicle cells
Effector & Effects: T3 and T4
Widespread effect:
Elevates metabolic rate, O2 consumption, heat production, stimulates respiration and circulation
Source: Prolactin
Anterior Pituitary (lactotropes)
Effector & Effects: Prolactin
Mammary Glands: Responsible for milk synthesis following pregnancy
Source: Melatonin
Pineal
Effector & Effects: Melatonin
Brain:
Influences mood, may regulate timing of puberty
Source: Atrial Naturetic Peptide/Factor
Heart
Effector & Effects: ANP/F
Kidney:
Promotes Na+ and fluid loss
Source: Calcitonin
Thyroid Parafollicular cells
Effector & Effects: Calcitonin
Bone:
Reduces bloods Ca+2, stimulates bone deposition and ossification. Effects primarily children.
Source: Erthropoietin
85% kidneys, 15% liver
Effector & Effects: Erthropoietin
Bone marrow:
stimulated to make more red blood cells
Source: Aldosterone
Adrenal cortex
Effector & Effects: Aldosterone
Kidney:
Promotes Na+ retention and K+ secretion, maintains blood pressure and volume
Source: Cortisol
Adrenal cortex
Effector & Effects: Cortisol
Widespread targets:
Stimulates fat and protein catabolism, gluconeogenesis and tissue repair. Also suppresses immune system.
Source: Testosterone
Testis (interstitial cells of Leydig)
Effector & Effects: Testosterone
Widespread effects:
Stimulates male reproductive development, bone and muscular growth, sperm production and libido
Source: Estrogen
Ovary (granulosa cells of follicle)
Effector & Effects: Estrogen
Uterus:
regulates menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Also stimulates female reproductive development.
Source: DHEA
Adrenal cortex
Effector & Effects: DHEA
Widespread targets: Growth of public and axillary hair, sex drive and male development during embryonic state.
Source: Insulin
Pancreas (B cells)
Effector & Effects: Insulin
Liver, skeletal muscle, and adipocytes: stimulates glucose and amino acid uptake, lowers blood glucose, and promotes fat, carbohydrate, and protein synthesis
Source: Glucagon
Pancreas (A cells)
Effector & Effects: Glucagon
Liver, skeletal muscle, and adipocytes: stimulates gluconeogenesis, glucogenolysis, and promotes the release of glucose and amino acids into the blood
Source: Somatostatin
Pancreas and stomach (8 cells)
Effector & Effects: Somatostatin
Pancreas and stomach:
Inhibits insulin, glucagon, and gastric acid secretion
Source: Progesterone
Ovary (corpus lumen) & Placenta
Effector & Effects: Progestorone
Uterus:
regulates menstural cycle and is very impt in pregnancy, prepares mammary glands for lactation
Source: Parathyroid hormone
Parathyroid gland
Effector & Effects: PTH
Bone:
Increases blood Ca+2 by stimulating bone reabsorption
Source: Inhibin
Sertoli cells (testis)
Follicle and corpus luteum (ovaries)
Effector & Effects: Inhibin
Anterior pituitary: inhibits FSH secretion
Source: Epinephrine
Adrenal medulla (chromaffin cells)
Effector & Effects: Epinephrine
Widespread effects: Complements sympathetic nervous system, has a longer duration
Source: Renin
Kidney
Effector & effects: Renin
Angiotensinogen: in circulatory system; initial step in pathway to generate angiotensin II (potent vasoconstrictor) and Aldosterone (promotes fluid retention)
Source: Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)
Placenta
Effector & effects: Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)
Corpus luteum of ovary:
Maintains pregnancy for initial 3-months by sustaining the corpus luteum which makes progesterons
Source:Gastria
Stomach
Effector & effects: Gastria
Stomach:
gastric acid secretion
Source: Cholecystokinin
Duodenum
Effector & effects: Cholecystokinin
Gall Bladder:
Contractions and pancreas; digestive enzyme secretion
Source: Secretin
Duodenum
Effector & Effects: Secretin
Pancreas:
bicarbonate and fluid secretion
Source: Somatomedins
Liver
Effector & Effects: Somatomedins
Cartilage:
Growth
Source: Calcitriol
Kidney
Effector and Effects:
Intestine:
Stimulates calcium uptake; stimulates calcium reabsorption