Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
target: anterior pituitary (AP)
function: stimulate release of GH
Somatostatin (GHIH)
target: AP
function: inhibit relaes of GH and TSH
target: AP
function: stimulate release of LH and FSH
target: AP
Function: stimulate release of TSH
target: AP
Function: stimulate release of ACTH
target: AP
function: Stimulate release of prolactin
target: AP
Function: inhibit release of prolactin
stored in: posterior pituitary (PP)
target: smooth muscle of uterus and smooth muscle around mammary glands/ducts
function: stimulate uterine contractions, stimulate milk release “let down”
release regulated by: PRH, PIH, Suckling, positive feedback
stored in: posterior pituitary (PP)
target: kidneys
function: stimulate water retention (decrease urine production) to increase blood volume and pressure
release regulated by: CRH, blood pressure
Target: most tissues, especially skeletal muscle
Function: stimulate protein synthesis, growth, fat mobilization for energy, glucose conservation
Secretion regulated by: GHIH, GRH, negative feedback
Target: thyroid
Function: stimulate thyroid development, secretion of TH
Secretion regulated by: TRH, GHIH, negative feedback
Target: melanocytes
Function: stimulate melanin production
Secretion regulated by: hypothalamus, nervous system
Target: adrenal cortex
Function: stimulate secretion of corticosteroids to combat stress
Secretion regulated by: CRH, negative feedback
Target: gonads
Function: stimulate egg production, sperm production
Secretion regulated by: GnRH, negative feedback
Target: gonads
Function: stimulate secretion of testosterone, induce ovulation, stimulate secretion of estrogen and progesterone
Secretion regulated by: GnRH, negative feedback
Target: mammary glands
Function: stimulate milk production and storage
Secretion regulated by: PRH, PIH, Estrogen, Suckling
Other hormones
Produced by: thyroid gland
Target: most cells
Function: stimulate oxygen use in sugar/fat catabolism, stimulate protein synthesis, increase body temperature ( main metabolic hormone)
Secretion regulated by: TRH, TSH, GHIH, [I], negative feedback
Produced by: thyroid gland
Target: osteoblasts
Function: stimulate bone production to decrease blood [Ca++]
Secretion regulated by: blood [Ca++]
Parathyroid hormone
Produced by: parathyroid gland
Target: osteoclasts, kidneys
Function: increase blood [Ca++] by breakdown of bone, increased calcium inon retention from urine and activation of vitamin D
Secretion regulated by: blood [Ca++]
Mineralocorticoids (aldosterone)
Produced by: adrenal cortex
Target: kidneys
Function: regulate electrolyte balance by stimulating retention of sodium from the urine
Secretion regulated by: renin-angiotensin-aldosterone mechanism, blood volume, blood osmolarity, ACTH, ANF
Glucocorticoids (cortisol)
Produced by: adrenal cortex
Target: most cells
Function: decrease the effects of stress by increasing blood [lucose]
Secretion regulated by: CRH, ACTH, negative feedback
Gonadocorticoids (androgens)
Produced by: adrenal cortex
Target: most cells
Function: regulate/stimulate puberty onset
Secretion regulated by: ACTH
Produced by: adrenal medulla
Target: cardiac muscle, smooth muscle and glands
Function: irritate all sympathetic effectors main effects include: increase HR, increase RR, Increase BP, increase sweat, increase blood to brain, skeletal muscles and skin, decrease activity of the GI/urinary systems, dilate pupils
Secretion regulated by: stress, sympathetic NS
Produced by: pancreas
Target: most cells especially muscle cells
Function: decrease blood glucose levels by increasing cellular uptake and use of glucose for glycogenolysis, lipogenesis, and protein synthesis
Secretion regulated by: concentrations of glucose, fats and amino acids in the blood, and somatostatin.
Produced by: pancreas
Target: liver hepatocytes
Function: increase blood glucose levels by glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis
Secretion regulated by: concentrations of glucose and amino acids in the blood, and somatostatin.
Produced by: pineal gland
Target: most cells
Function: puberty onset regulation, body cycle regulation especially of sleep/wake cycles
Secretion regulated by: natural light inhibits, darkness stimulates release.
Produced by: thymus
Target: lymphocytes
Function: stimulate lymphocyte maturation into T cells
Secretion regulated by: immune needs and age