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44 Cards in this Set

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pineal gland
(te)melatonin: stimulates the release of some hormones from the hypothalamus
peter
pituitary gland: anterior lobe (adenohypophysis) (2a)
(te)somatotropin (GH): stimulates protein synthesis and general body growth
piper
pituitary gland: anterior lobe (adenohypophysis) (2b)
(te)thyrotropin (TSH): stimulates the thyroid gland to release thyroid hormone
pituitary gland: anterior lobe (adenohypophysis) (2c)
(te)adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH): stimulates production of hormones by the adrenal cortex
pituitary gland: anterior lobe (adenohypophysis) (2d)
(te)follicle stimulating hormone (FSH): promotes sperm production and follicle development
pituitary gland: anterior lobe (adenohypophysis) (2e)
(te)luteinizing hormone (LH): interstitial cell stimulating hormone (ICSH) promotes ovulation, corpus luteum formation and testosterone production
pituitary gland: anterior lobe (adenohypophysis) (2f)
(te)prolactin (LTH): promotes milk production within mammary glands
pituitary gland: anterior lobe (adenohypophysis) (2g)
(te)melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH): causes dispersion of melanin granules within melanocytes
pituitary gland: posterior lobe (neurohypophysis) (2h)
(te)oxytocin (OXY): stimulates contraction of uterine musculature and myoepithelial cells in mammary glands
pituitary gland: posterior lobe (neurohypophysis) (2i)
(te)antidiuretic hormone (ADH): reduces urine output by increasing renal resorption of water
thyroid gland (3a)
(te)tetraiodothyronine/thyroxine (T4): increases protein synthesis, basal metabolic rate and growth
tried
thyroid gland (3b)
(te)triiodothyronine (T3): increases protein syntheses, basal metabolic rate and growth
thyroid gland (3c)
(te)calcitonin: lowers blood calcium by inhibiting its release from bone tissue
parathyroid gland
(te)parathyroid hormone (PTH): increases blood calcium by acting on bone tissue, intestine and kidneys
peeling
adrenal (adrenal cortex) gland (5a)
(te)glucocorticoids: increase liver glycogen concentration and reduce inflammation
apples
adrenal (adrenal cortex) gland (5b)
(te)mineralocorticoids: promote sodium and other electrolyte retention by acting at the renal tubules
adrenal (adrenal cortex) gland (5c)
(te)gonadocorticoids: supplement the sex hormones produced by the testis and ovary
adrenal (adrenal medulla) gland (5d)
(te)epinephrine: increases heart rate, constricts vessels, dilates respiratory passageways, increases blood glucose levels
adrenal (adrenal medulla) (5e)
(te)epinephrine: increases heart rate, constricts vessels, dilates respiratory passageways, increases blood glucose levels
hypothalamus (6a)
growth hormone releasing factor (GRF): stimulates release fo GH from anterior pituitary gland
hypothalamus (6b)
growth hormone release inhibiting factor (GR-IH): inhibits release of GH
hypothalamus (6c)
thyrotropin releasing factor (TRF): stimulates release of TSH from anterior pituitary gland
hypothalamus (6d)
corticotropin releasing factor (CRF): stimulates release of ACTH from anterior pituitary gland
hypothalamus (6e)
gonadotropin releasing factor (GnRF): stimulates release of LH(ICSH) and FSH from anterior pituitary gland
hypothalamus (6f)
prolactin release inhibiting factor (PR-IF): inhibits release of LTH from anterior pituitary gland
hypothalamus (6g)
melanocyte stimulating hormone releasing factor (MRF): stimulates release of MSH from anterior pituitary gland
hypothalamus (6h):
melanocyte stimulating hormone inhibiting factor (MIF): inhibits release of MSH from anterior pituitary gland
hypothalamus (6i)
oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone are produced in hypothalamus, but released from anterior pituitary gland
pancreas (7a)
insulin: lowers blood sugar levels by facilitating transport of sugar into cells
pancreas (7b)
glucagon: raises blood sugar levels by stimulating hepatocytes to convert glycogen to glugose
small intestine (8a)
gastric inhibiting peptide (GIP): inhibits gastric motility ans secretion, stimulates insulin release
small intestine (8b):
cholecystokinin (CCK): stimulates contraction of gallbladder and secretion of pancreatic enzymes
small intestine (8c)
secretin: stimulates production of pancreatic juices
Stomach
gastrin: promotes hydrochloric acid production by parietal cells
kidney (10a)
renin: enzymatically helps convert angiotensinogen to angiotensin which raises the blood pressure
kidney (10b)
erythropoietin: stimulates the production of red blood corpuscles by the bone marrow
thymus
thymosin: stimulates the T-lymphocytes
ovary (12a)
progesterone: keeps uterine lining conducive to implantation and placentation
ovary (12b)
estrogen: promotes production of female secondary sex characteristics and functions in uterine cycle
testis
testosterone: promotes production of male secondary sex characteristics
heart (14a)
herz: augments cardiac contraction
heart (14b)
atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP): increases capillary filtration, salt and water secretion, decreases arterial pressure and secretion of renin, angiotensin, aldosterone and ADH
placenta (15a)
chorionic gonadotropin: assists progesterone in keeping uterine lining conducive to pregnancy
placenta (15b)
somatomammotropin: has actions similar to those of growth hormone