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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
An excess of growth hormone in an adult results in
Acromegaly
An androgen is a
male sex hormone
Which of the following hormones i NOT produced by the thyroid gland
Thymosin
The hormone that causes milk ejection from the breasts is
Oxytocin
Cushing syndrome is associated with an excess of
Cortisol
Diabetes insipidus results from a deficiency of
ADH
Which of the following hormones is derived form cholesterol
Progesterone
Addison disease results from underactivity of the
Adrenal Cortex
The pituitary hormone that regulates the activity of the thyroid gland
TSH
Erythropoietin is synthesized in the
Kidneys
An abnormal increase in production of the hormone epinephrine may result from a tumor of the
Medulla
Releasing hormones are sent from the hypothalamus to the anterior pituitary by way of a special circulatory pathway called
Portal System
When the blood glucose level decreases to less than average, the islet cells of the pancreas release less insulin. The result is an increase in blood glucose. This is an example of the regulatory mechanism called
Negative Feedback
The hypothalamus stimulates the anterior pituitary to produce ACTH which in turn stimulates hormone production by the
Adrenal Cortex
The element needed for the production of thyroxine
Iodine
Local hormones that have a variety of effects, including the promotion of inflammation and the production of uterine contractions are the
Prostaglandin
A hormone secreted from the posterior pituitary that is involved in water balance is
ADH
The primary target issues for prolactin is the
Mammary Glands
ACTH acts on the
Adrenal Cortex
Both raising blood sugar, cortisol and what pancreatic hormone
Glucagen
Results from hyposecretion of antidiuretic hormone
Diabetes Insipidus
The ovaries and testes produce what hormones
Steroid
Cortisol is produced by the
Adrenal Cortex
Islet cells are found in the
Pancreas
ADH and oxytocin are secreted by what lobe of the pituitary
Posterior
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) Is produced by the
Heart
Losing weight, very thirsty, urinating often, high blood glucose reading.
Diabetes
High doses of steroids, fat deposits, muscle loss, and thin skin
Adrenal Cortex
The endocrine disease
Cushings disease
Shortness of breath, heart palpitations, rapid heart rate, nervousness with tremor of the hands, skin warm and flushed, sweating, rapid respiration, protruding eyes. Overactivity of the
Thyroid Gland
Glands that maintain adequate blood calcium
Parathyroid gland
Injection of an adrenal hormone
Epinephrin
Labor inducing hormone
Oxytocin
Hormone that acts on the adrenal cortex.
ACTH
Male steroid used to stimulate tissue building is created by the
Testes
The anterior pituitary hormone that stimulates milk synthesis
Prolactin
The main hormone of the adrenal medulla that, among other actions, raises blood pressure and increases the heart rate
Epinephrine
The anterior pituitary hormone that stimulates the adrenal cortex
ACTH
A hormone produced by the ovaries
Estrogen
The hormone from the adrenal cortex that regulates sodium and potassium reabsorption in the kidney tubules
Aldosterone
A gonadotropic hormone
Follicle-stimulating Hormone
A hormone synthesized in the hypothalamus
Antidiuretic hormone
A hormone that raises the blood calcium level
Parathyroid Hormone
A hormone that lowers the blood glucose level
Insulin
A pancreatic hormone that raises the blood glucose level
Glucagon
An adrenal hormone that raises the blood glucose level
Cortisol
A hormone that promotes T-cells development
Thymosin
One of the tiny glands located behind the thyroid gland
Parathyroid
The largest of the endocrine glands, located in the neck
Thyroid
The gland in the brain that is regulated by light
Pineal
An organ that contains islets
Pancreas
The endocrine gland composed of a cortex and medulla, each with specific functions
Adrenal
Secretes hormones synthesized in the hypothalamus
Posterior pituitary
Consists of neural tissue
Posterior pituitary
Releases hormones under the regulation of hypothalamic releasing hormones
Anterior Pituitary
Any enlargement of the thyroid gland
Goiter
A disease in which insulin function is abnormally low
Diabetes Mellitus
A form of hyperthyroidism
Graves Disease
A form of hypothyroidism in adults
Myxedema
A disease resulting from adrenal cortex hypoactivity
Addison Disease
Low blood sugar
Hypoglycemia