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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Low AC/A generally respond poorly to _________ to correct dysfunction
Low AC/A treatment
prisms or therapy
CI treatment strategy
(1) optical correction of ammetropia
(2) vert prism if necessary
(3) VT for sensory motor func
(4) horiz prism?
(5) added lens power?
(6) surgery
Small amounts of ammetropia can cause
fusion dysfunction
helpful with vert phoria/tropia or fixation disparity
vert prism
very infrequent in CI but must be treated
amblyopia and suppression
CI primary treatment option ________. Streses _____ and _________.
BO training
(-) acceptance
CI treatment not pursued
added lens power
BI prism for CI is very beneficial?
T or F
b/c they tend to prism adapt
Goal of VT is to improve ____________.
compensating vergences
Divergence Insufficiency Treatment plan
(1) Optical correction of ametropia
(2) vert prism
(3) ***horiz prism
(4) occlusion amblyopia
(5) VT ambly
(6) VT for suppression
(7) Vt for sensory motor
(8) added lens power
(9) surgery
BO prism for Divergence insufficiency is the most effective treatment?
T or F
For Divergence Insufficiency you should prescribe all the prsim.T or F
Dissociated measures are larger or smaller than associated measures?
DI can be determined by ___________ methods. Ex.
Von Graefe
Maddox Rod
Added Lenses are useful for DI
Surgery is considered most of the time for phoria
VT is very easy for DI
Basic eso with low AC/A is a prime candidate for VT
Must rule out when see DI
lateral rectus palsy
Max amt prism can be ground in glasses
CE at near and distance can be treated with
BO prism and add combo
DE treatment plan
(1) optical correction of ametropia
(2) vertical prism if needed
(3) ****Added minus lens power
(4) VT sensory motor
(5) horiz prism
(6) surgery
In DE any amt of _________should be corrected and only mod to high amts of _____________.
May be used in VT to stimulate accommodation In DI
High amts of over minus -5 to -7
DE in preschoolers, ______________ helpful.
low amt - full time wear
may need bifocal to read through over minus
Vt stresses convergence and minus acceptance for _________
DE responds well to horiz prism
Surgery may be considered for IXT 30-35 prism or greater
Normal AC/A condition
fusional vergence dysfunction
basic eso
basic exo
Primary treatment for fusional vergence dysfunction
VT b/c norm AC/A
stress convergence and divergence training
Primary treatment for basic eso
norm AC/A
added lens power
horiz prism
Primary treatment for basic exo
norm AC/A added minus lens not worn all the time- used during VT
VT effective treatment
horiz prism BAD
AI treatment
(1) optical correction for ametropia
(2) added plus lens
(3) vision therapy
Functional and organic AI respond well to
Added plus at near
Functional AI responds well to
Added plus at near and VT
Accommodative Excess treatment
(1) optical correction of ametropia
(2) vT
(3) cycloplegix-severe cases
Accommodative Excess patients have low ____ and will not benefit from added plus at near
Treatment short term for extreme accommodative excess or spasm of near reflex
Extreme accommodative excess is usually
psychogenic- with tubular fields
Accommodative infacility treatment
vision therapy
stress both (+) and (-)
consider additional plus only if NRA is larger than RX
OCular motor dysfunction treatment
if not available then respond to low (+) due to enlargement for tracking?
Ocular motor dysfunction treatment includes
ocular motor skills