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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
history of a word's origin (meghan comes from margaret meaning pearl)
etymology
tenor: the answer
vehicle: the disguise
common ground: what the 2 share which makes the comparison viable
Riddle Solving Techniques
an extended narrative poem recounting the deeds of a hero
epic poem
naming a character after what they do or represent i.e: the brickmaker
cratylic naming
unrhymed iambic pantamador (AA,BB,CC)
blank verse
an exaggerated literary or pictorial portrayal for comic effect
caricature
the pattern of stressed an unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
meter
the process by which an author makes a detailed life-like character
characterization
1. physical description
2. actions/words
3. thoughts and words of other characters about the character in question
4. inner monologue
5. direct comment by author
5 Methods of Characterization
the author's mood and implied feelings
tone
any religious journey
pilgrimage
a work of prose narrative fiction between a short story and a novel in length
novella
an extended speech in which a character reveals his/her thoughts
soliquoy
(aa,bb,cc,dd,ee,ff,gg), iambic pantamador, love
shakespearen sonnet
(abbaabbacdecde), unspecified, volta
petrarchan sonnet
a system of philosophy centered on human excellence in lieu of the Divine
humanism
lesson learned at the end of a piece of literature
moral
a payment in compensation for a death
weregild
2 word poetic renaming of people or things (ring giver)
kennings
words that have 2 opposite definitions (ciao, aloha)
contranym
providing necessary bacground info.
exposition
iamb(un/st), anapaest(un/un/st), trochee(st/un), dactyl(st/un/un)
Metrical Feet
rhythmic breaks in middle of lines
caesura
a defense of a course of action of life lived (pardoner's tale)
apology
irony rising from information the audience has and the character does not
dramatic irony
a minor character who parallel's a major character for contrast (Banquo to Macbeth)
foil
a brief humorous account in a serious work offering the audience a chance to relax (the Porter scene)
comic relief
narrative poem similar to a folktale with a repatative refrain
ballad
quatrain, (ABAB), iambic quadramater and trimeter
ballad stanza
repitition of a word or phrase at the beginning of a clause or sentence for emphasis (water water everywhere!)
anaphora
repitition of a word or phrase at the end of a clause or sentence for effect (Gettysburg Address)
epistrophe
the repitition of vowel sounds in unrhymed stressed syllables (zed is dead)
assonance
when an object takes on human like qualities
personification