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15 Cards in this Set

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Vacuole
Cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, carbohydrates
Lysosome
Cell organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down certain materialsin the cell
Chloroplast
Organelle found in the cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy
Chromatin & Chromosome
Grnular material visible within the nucleus;consist of DNA tightly coiled around proteins.
Threadlike structure within the nucleus containing the genetic information that is passed from one generation of cells to the next.
Cell Membrane
Thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell
Centriole
One of 2 tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of animal cell near the nuclear envelope
Cytoplasm
Material inside the cell membrane not including the nucleus
Eukaryote
Organism whose cells contain nuclei
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Internal membrane system in cells in which lipid components of the cell membrane are assembled and some protiens are modified
Golgi Apparatus
Stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum
Mitochondria
Cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convient for the cell to use
Nucleolus
Small,dense region within most nucclei in which the assembly of proteins begins
Ribosome
Small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA and protein
Prokaryote
Single-celled organism lacking a nucleus
Nucleus
The center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons; in cells, structure that contains the cell's genetic material (DNA) and controls the cell's activities