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123 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Gen
to make or generate
Photo
Light
Cyto
Cell
Epi
over, aside, above
lysis
to loosen or break apart
poly
(Greek) many
di or bi
2
exo or ecto
outside
endo
inside
omni
all
multi
(Latin) many
iso
equal
macro
large
-tonic
referring to concentration
diffusion
movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration
microorganism
small living thing
microscope
instrument used to see small things
hypo
under, beneath
osmosis
movement of water through membranes
hyper
over, above, excessive
micro
small
cotyledon
(seed leaf) embroyonic leaf in seed of plant
meso or meta
middle
monocot
one seed leaf
therm
heat or temperature
diplo
double
saccharide
sugar
coelom
body cavity
chloro
green
anterior
toward front or near end
haplo
single
dicot
two seed leaves
radial
circular; arranged like the radii of a circle
latteral
on the sides
dermis
skin
dorsal
on or near the back
cerebral
having to do with the brain
posterior
situated towardthe rear or tail
ventral
in or on the abdomen
pneumo
air (referring to lungs)
pulmonary
having to do with lungs
renal
refers to kidneys
hepatic
liver
gastric
having to do with the stomach
arthropod
jointed legs
dioecious
sexes in seperate organisms
mutagen
causing mutations
teratogen
causing birth defects
antibiotic
substance that destroys or weakens bacteria
carcinogen
cancer causing
hermaphrodite
organsim containing both male and female organs
oste
refers to bones
pseudopod
false foot
trophic
level on food pyramid
consumer
heterotroph
helix
a spiral
producer
autotroph; organism that forms bottom of food chain
homologous
structures similar in embroyonic or evolutionary origin

ex: dolphin fin/shark fin
anaerobic
absence of oxygen
bioaccumulation
increase in concentration of chemicals through the food chain
deciduous
shed leaves each year
succession
orderly changes in species in an ecosystem over time
aerobic
requiring oxygen
analogous
structure similar in form or function but different in origin

ex: bats wings and bird wings
amphi-bio
both lives
lumen
open area within tube
amniote
having a water-tight membrane
peri
around
homeostasis
maintenance of stable internal enviroment
heme
blood
homeo
alike or same
ovo
egg
organic
compound containing carbon
hydro or aqua
water
amphi
both
pathogen
disease causing agent
homo
(Greek) same
tropism
growth of plant toward or away from a stimulus
para
beside or near
neuro
nerves
vector
carrier
homo
(Latin) man
inorganic
not organic; chemical without carbon
substrate
supporting substance or later
fission
to split or divide
vivi
living
con or co
with
soma or some
body
chromo
color
-ase
ending found in name of enzymes
-ose
ending found in name of sugar
ab
off or away from
pod or ped
foot
-itis
inflammation
ad
toward
a or an
not or without
auto
self
zoo
animals
antrop
man
enzyme
protein that functions a catalyst
synergy
combination of 2 substances that produce a result greater than the sum of the parts
catalyst
substance that starts, stops, speeds up or slows down the rate of chemical reactions without being changed by the reaction
biology
study of life
ecology
relationship between organisms with each other and their enviroment
symbiosis
2 different species living together in a long term relationship
photosynthesis
the process of converting light energy into food energy in living things
-troph
feeding
autotroph
self-feeder, organism that makes its own food
heterotroph
feeds from others; an organsim that must consume food
herbivore
plant eater
carnivore
flesh eater
omnivore
eats both plants and animals
saprophyte or saprovore
eats dead things; eats off of dead or decaying matter
decomposer
organism that breaks down organic material into simplar compounds
predator
an organism that must hunt and kill its food
prey
food of a predator
parasite
an organism that lives in or on another which is usually harmed but not killed
host
organism in which a parasite lives
mutualism
symbiotic relationship in which both partners benifit
commensalism
symbiotic relationship in which one partner benifits and the other is niether harmed or benifited
circum
around
intra
within
inter
between