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18 Cards in this Set

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Wilmot Proviso
Amendment added to war appropriations bill by David Wilmot (philadephia congressman) declaring that "neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist" in any territories aquired from mexico. year 1846 (?) mexican war.

debates were significant because legislators voted as north v. south, not Whigs and Dems.

menat to preserve area for "sons of toil, of my own race and own color"
"Free Soil"
Belief that all new land should be free/ congress had to power to make it so
Precedents: 1. Northwest Ordinance 2. Missouri Compromise
Constitutional Protection
Southerners believed they had a right ot slaves in the new lands.
important figures: Calhoun- South Carolina
Robert Toombs of Georgia
"Popular Soveriegnty"
Michigan Senetor Lewis Cass' idea to leave desisions on slavery to local self-governments
Lewis Cass
idea of popular soverienty

nominated president by dems in 1848

denounced abolistionists/wilmot proviso

printed two campain bios
Zack Taylor
nominated pres by whigs- 1848

avoided slavery altogether

slave holder

mex war vet

WON
Free soil party
nominated Van Buren for prez 1848

-made up of disaffeted whigs from mass who didnt like having slave holder as prez

-new york democrats
Compromise of 1850
Created by Henry Clay (the great compromiser), with support from Webster

at first defeated in senate

clay leaves washinton- dies

Stephen Douglas of Illinois gets resolutions passed induvidually

1. California Enters as a free state (ending balance 16:15)

2. Pop soverienty in New Mexico, Utah. Settles texas border- gives 10 mil to texas for debts

3. abolished salve trade, not slavery, in DC

4. Fugitive Slave law (serious impact)
Sojouner Truth
former slave who spoke about slavery and womens roles
Harriat Beecher Stowe
Wrote UNcle Tom's Cabin
pissed off south
inspired the north
Winfield Scott
Mexi war hero elected by whigs to repeat Taylots success election of 1852
won out over pro-southern fillmore
alienated southern whigs
Franklin Pierce
lackluster compromise candidate from new hampshire for dems in election of 1852

WON (voters uninterested because candidates did not clash, dems resorted to bribing catholic immigrants
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Stephen Douglas' (dem), 1854 act. - trying to help his state illinois/ take leadership role

recomended pop soveringty (which meant slavery could be voted in- thus violating miss comp)

Douglas aruged the soil was no good for slavery

NOrtherners accepted southerners challenge to battle for soil
Orestes Brownson
jacksonian dem who went thro a bunch of religions before setleing on catholicism- represented influx of catholics and their ability to convert
Redemptorists and Jesuits
catholics trying to convert protestants
Know-Nothings (American)
party made up of mostly former whigs who pledged never to vote for irish catholics (whos loyalty was to the pope)

appealed to middle and lowerclass americans nervous about disruptive foreigners

elected fillmore in 1856
Republican Party
mostly made of of whigs/ free soilers/disaffected dems. almost entirley notherners. 4 elements
1. abolishionists who didnt want slavery in territories, led by William Seward and Charles Sumner of mass
2. more moderate group, led by Abe Lincoln of Illinois
3. revivalists- wanted to purify america of sins (former whigs)
4. whig legacy of Henry Clay's American System, those who wanted fed to support commercial/industrial development
"those who work with their hands..live and act independently...."

elected JOhn Freemont
JAmes Buchanan
elected by dems in 1956

"nothern man with southern principles

WON