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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
What are carbohydrates needed for?
1. Needed for energy
2. Helps to burn fat
2 things
What are the side effects of nothaving enough carbohydrates in the body?
1. Bad breath
2. Ketosis-when you have too many keystones (proteins) in the body
2 things
What is the pancrease?
The organ that produces hormone insulin that helps to break down sugar.
Whar are carbohydrates and give 5 examples.
Sugars: fructose, sucrose, maltose, glucose, lactose (anything that ends in -ose)
What are the two kinds of carbohydrates?
Simples carbohydrates and complex carbohydrates
What are simple carbohydrates? and examples
Carbohydrates that have a short molecular structure and do not stay in the body a long time
ex. ice cream, soda, cake
Short molecules structure
What are complex carbohydrates? and examples
have long molecular structure and stay in the body a long time
ex. grapes, bread, apples, bananas, popcorn, pasta (breads, fruits, n veggies)
What are the building blocks of proteins?
amino acids
What do you need proteins for?
to help build muscle and repair body tissue
What are the two kinds of proteins? and examples
1. animal- eggs, meat, poultry, cheese
2. plant- nuts, tofu/soy, beans/legumes, peanut butter
What is considered an almost-perfect protein?
what is considered a complete protein?
beans and rice
What is a vegan?
Vegetarian that eats no animal products at all
What is a lacto-ovo and what does it mean?
Lacto= milk
Eats biproducts of animals as long as the animal is not killed
what are the 6 nutrients?
proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, fats, and water