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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Ideal degrees of flexion of hand joints during casting?
The intrinsic plus position:

MCP: 70-90°
PIP: extension
DIP: extension
Max weight of skin traction?
10 lbs.
Max weight of skeletal traction?
20% body weight.
Skeletal traction: steinmann pins variations?
Smooth: stronger but can slide through skin.
Threaded: weaker, bends easily, but will not slide.
Placement of pins for tibial skeletal traction?
Placed 2 cm posterior and 1 cm distal to the tibial tubercle.

Place lateral to medial to avoid the common peroneal nerve.

Avoid ant. compartment, using hemostat if necessary to distract the ant tib.
Placement of pins for femoral skeletal traction?
Ideal for acetabular and proximal femur fractures.

Pin is placed at the adductor tubercle from medial to lateral to avoid the neurovascular bundle.
Balanced skeletal traction?
Patient lies in bed, leg suspended, distracted with hanging weights.
Placement of pins for calcaneal skeletal traction?
Pin is placed from medial to lateral, starting 2.0-2.5 cm posterior and inferior to the medial malleolus.
Placement of pins for olecranon skeletal traction?
Pin enters 1.5 cm distal from the tip of the oleranon.
Placement of pins for halo skeletal traction?
6 pins:

Anterior: above eyebrows
Lateral: superior to ear
Posterior: superoposterior to ear

Tighten pins x2 to 6-8 ft-lbs.
Tighten halo frame as needed.