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125 Cards in this Set

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Bones that debelop within a tendon are known as which of the following?

*Condyloid *Falsiform *Sesamoid *Vermiform
Sesamoid
The act of straightening a limb is know as?
Extension
Intramuscular injections are frequently given in which of the following muscles?

*Trapezius *Pedtoralis Majoris *Deltoid *All of the Above
Deltoid
Moving an extremty away from the body is called?
Abduction
Because this tissue is continuous throughout the body, if an infection were allowed to spread, it could reach every area of the body by moving through which of the following tissues?

*Osseous *Fibrous *Adipose *Areolar
Areolar
A person lyng on his/her back is in what position?
Supine
The physical and chemical breakdown of the food we eat is called?
Digestion
Bones of the cranium include which of the following?

*Maxilla *Occipital *Atlas and Axis *All of the Above
Occipital
The secretion of digestive fluids and the absorption of digested foods and liquids is the chief function of which tissue?
Columnar
The upper three ribs on each side are known as which of the following types of ribs?

*True *False *Floating *Sternal
Sternal
The appendicular skeleton is composed of the bones of the ____ and ____?
upper and lower extremities
Which of the following properties describes the ability of muscles to respond to a stimulus?

*Tonicity *Contractility *Irritability *Extensibility
Irritability
The ability of muscles to regain their original form when stretched is known as?
Elasticity
What type of tissue is known as the lining tissue of the body?
Epithelial
Which of the following are the 2 most prominent mineral elements of bone?

*Sodium and phosphorus *Phosphorus and calcium *Periosteum and ossein *Ossein and calcium
Phosphorus and calcium
The prominences easily felt on the inner and outer aspects of the ankle are called?
Medial and leteral malleolus
The bones of the wrist are classified as which of the following bones?

*Long *Irregular *Flat *Short
Short
The head of the humerus is called the?
Glenoid fossa
The innominate bone is composed of three parts that are uited in adults to form a cuplike structure called the?
Acetabulum
Actin and myosin are the 2 protein substances involved in?
Muscle Contraction
Homeostasis is defined as?
Self-refulated control of the body's internal environment
Which of the following properties the ability of muscles to respond to a stimulus?

*Irritability *Tonicity *Contractility *Extensibility
Irritability
That portion of a cell containing all the genetic material important in the cell's reproduction is called the?
Nucleus
Bones that develop within a tendon are kown as which of the following?

*Sesamoid *Veriform *Falsiform *Condyloid
Sesamoid
The prominences easily felt on the inner and outer aspects of the ankle are called?
Medial and leteral malleolus
Of the following nerves, which, if any, controls the larynx during the process of breathing?

*Phrenic *Intercostal *Vagus *None of the above
Vagus
The contraction phase of the heart is?
Systole
A decreased red blood cell (RBC) count could be the result of a medical condition affecting the ______.
Red marrow
In an accident victim suffering from a fibrinogen deficiency, the rescuer may have a difficulty performing which of the actions listed below?

*Controlling hemorrhage *Supporting respiratory function *Reducing a dislocation *Immobilizing a fracture
Controlling hemorrhage
Intramuscular injections are usually given in which of the following muscles?

*Gastrocnemius *Sartorius *Quadriceps *Gluteus Maximus
Gluteus Maximus
Lymph nodes participate in all of the following functions EXCEPT

*fiitration of bacterial debris
*production of hormones *manufacture of white blood cells *colletion of large protein molecules
Manufacture of whie blood cells
The impulse receptors of a nerve are called?
Dendrites
The 12 pairs of cranial and 31 pairs of spinal nerves form what nervous system?
Peripheral
Balance, coordination of movement, and harmony of motion are functions of what part of the brain?
Cerebellum
Oxygenated blood is carried by which of the following vein(s)?

*Inferior vena cava *Pulmonary *Portal *superior vena cava
Pulmonary
In addition to preventing excessive blood loss, the formation of a blood clot serves which, if any, of the following purposes?

*To convert fibrinogen into blood serum to aid healing *To form the foundation for new tissue growth *To manufacture leukocytes *None of the above
To convert fibrinogen into blood serum to aid healing
The venous system that carries digested materials from the intestinal tract is called the ____?
Portal
A nerve cell, or neuron, is composed of all of the following EXCEPT a/an?

*cyton *dendrite *axon *synapse
Synapse
Circulation and respiration are controlled primarily fromm what area of the brain?
Medulla Oblongata
In what part of the body is cerebral spinal fluid produced?
Ventricles of the brain
The pulse pressure is the difference between which of the following measurements?

*Systole and diastole *Resting and active pulse rate *Venous and arterial pressure *Arterial and ventricular pressure
Systole and Diastole
Blood of the average female adult contains (a) how many million RBC's per (b) what unit?
(a) 4.5
(b) mm3
The space through which a nerve impulse passes from one neuron to another is called a/an ____.
Synapse
The valves of the heart incluse all of the following EXCEPT

*Tricuspid *Atrial *Pulmonary *mitral
Atrial
The total blood volume in the average adult is in what ranges?
5 to 6 liters
The meninges, membeane layers covering of the brain and spinal cord, are composed of all of the following EXCEPT the?

*Pia Mater *Arachnoid *Dura Mater *Foramen Magnum
Foramen Magnum
Windpipe is another term for?
Trachea
The body's primary thermo-regulatory action is a function of dilating and contracting blood vessels and the _____.
Sweat glands
The primary muscle of respiration is know as the?
Diaphragm
A white blood cell (WBC) count of 18,000 may indicate what condition?
Infection
The conversion of mechanical impulses (sound waves) to neural impulses that can be interpreted by the brain is a function of the?
Organ of Corti
Which of the following diseases is characterized by a defiency of the antidiuretic hormone?

*Myxedema *Addison's disease *Hyperthyroidism *Diabetes insipidus
Diabetes Insipidus
Dilation of the pupil, a muscular response of the iris, normally occurs as a result of what?
Decrease intensity of light
The overproduction of which hormone leads to acromegaly?
Somatotropin
Conservation and restoration of energy are the result of nerve impulses arising from which, if any, of the following nervous systems?
Sympathetic
Hormones secreted by the endocrine system are?
Secreted into the circulatory system
The enzymatin action of amylase results in the chemical breakdown of?
Fats to fatty acids
The inner part of the eye derives its nourishment primarily from the vascular structure of what tissue?
Choroid
What hormone is produced by the alpha cells of the islands of Langerhans in the pancreas?
Glucagon
An insufficient secretion of thyroxi is characterized by all of the following symptoms EXCEPT?

*Weight gain *Profuse sweating *Slowed heart rate *Fatigue
Weight Gain
Which of the following is/are (a) function(s) of the kidneys?

*To maintain acid-base balance *To remove certain toxic substances *To remove excess sugar *All of the above
All of the above
By what process is three-dimensional vision produced?
Convergence
Calcium levels in the blood are controlled by which of the following hormones?

*Thyroxin *Parathormone *Oxytocin *Vasopressin
Parathormone
Absorption of food occurs predominantly in which of the following areas of the intestines?

*Duodenum *Cecum *Ileum *Jejunum
Ileum
Blood concentration varies due to which, if any, of the following factors?

*Temperature *Water intake *State of health *None of the above
None of the above
The functional unit of the kidney is called the?
Nephron
The cornea is part of the protective outer layer of the eye called the?
Sclera
The gallbladder performs which of the following purposes?

*Produces antibodies *Metabolizes Sugars *Stimulates the production of insulin *Stores bile
Stores bile
The mechanical transmission of sound from the tympanic membrane to the inner ear is a function of which of the following?

*Bony labyrinth *Eustachian tube *Auditory ossicles *Organ of Corti
Auditory Ossicles
The autonomic nervous system is composed of two main divisions: the _____ and _____.
Sympathetic and parasympathetic systems
Electrolyte balance is a function of the hormone produced by the?
Cortex of the adrenal gland
What structure(s) of the inner ear provide(s) neural stumuli used to maintain equilibruim?
Semicircular canals
Of the elements listed below, which makes seeing in the dark possible?

*Choroid *Rods *Iris *Cones
Rods
Of the organs listed below, which function as the accessory organs of digestion for the small intestines?

*Pancreas, pylorus, and spleen *Spleen, liver, and gallbladder *Pancreas, liver, and gallbladder *Pancreas, liver and villae
Pancreas, Liver, and Gallbladder
A metabolic response to epinephrine includes which, if any, of the symptoms listed below?

*Decreased heart rate
*Increased Blood Pressure
*Respiratory Distress *None of the above
Increased Blood Pressure
The concepts of health include...

*The absence of disease or disability *Soundness of mind, body and spirit *Both 1 and 2 above *a feeling of euphoria
Both 1 and 2 above
The most common cause of ineffective communication and the most difficult absacle to identify is which of the following barriers?

*Physica *Psychological *Spiritual or religious *Psychosocial
Psychosocial
A medical patient is prescribed therapeutic bed rest primarily for what reason?
To inhibit the debelopment of circulatory problems
Which of the following are goals of patient health education?

*Promoting patient self-care *Promoting behavior modification *Influencing a patient's attitude toward health and disease *All of the above
All of the above
SF 522, request for Administration of Anesthesia and for Performance of Operations and other Procedures, is normally signed by a parent, legal guardian, or spouse Except when the patient is?
Over 18 years of age buy under 21
In the immediate postoperative recovery phase, a patient's skin color may be indicative of all of the following EXCEPT ?

* postoperative hemorrhage *the patient's ability to recover from the anesthetic agent *the development of shock *degradation of respiratory function
Post operative hemorrhage
Patient rights and responsibilities are standards addressed by what organization?
Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO)
Fertilization of an ovum normally takes place in the?
Fallopian tubes
The limitations imposed upon a healthcare provider are basd on local regulations and which of the following elements?

*The rating's occupational standards *The rate training manual *The provider's training and experience *All of the above
The provider's training and experience
When a regional anesthetic is administered, the patient can expect what effect?
Pain will be reduced or eliminated in the body part injected or swabbed
Which of the following is/are considered the primary female reproductive organs?

*Fallopian tubes *Uterus *Endometrium *Ovaries
Ovaries
Patient education is the responsibility of?
All members of the healthcare team
In the healthcare field, accountability means that providers______.
are held responsible for their actions
The purpose of therapeutic communication includes all of the following EXCEPT

*assessing behavior and modigying if appropriate *educating a patient regarding health and health care *Providing information on how to get to the approproate clinic for treatment *obtaining information to determine a patient's illenss
Providing information on how to get to the approproate clinic for treatment.
WHat is the approximate total capacity of the adult bladder?
600ml
In the immediate postoperative recovery phase, a patient's skin color may be indicative of all of the following EXCEPT...

*Degradation of respiratory function *Postoperative hemorrhage *The developement of shock *The patient's ability to recover from the anestetic agent
Post operative hemorrhage
A medical patient is prescribed therapeutic bed rest primarily for what reason?
To inhibit the develpment of circulatory problems
The purpose of therapeutic communication includes all of the following EXCEPT...

*Educating a patient regarding health and health care *Obtaining information to determine a patient's illness *assessing behavior and modifying if appropriate *Providing information on how to get to the appropriate clinic for treatment
Providing information on how to get to the appropriate clinic for treatment
The limitations imposed upon a healthcare provider are based on local regulations and which of the following elements?

*The rating's occupational standards *The rate training manual *The provider's training and experience *All of the above
The provider's training and experience
In general anesthesia, a stimulation of vital signs is evidence of what level of anesthesia induction?
Stage 2
Testosterone production is a function of which of the following glands?

*Prostate *Testes *Bulbourethral *Cowper's
Testes
Communication barriers inhibit the flow of information and may consist of which of the following factors?

*Decreased auditory acuity *Age *Education *All of the above
All of the above
When a regional anesthetic is administered, the patient can expect what effect?
Pain will be reduced or eliminated in the body part injected or swabbed.
The concepts of helath include...

*The absence of disease or disabiliy *Soundness of mind, body , and spirit *Both 1&2 above *a feeling of euphoria
Both 1&2 above
Patient rights and responsibilities are standards addressed by what organization?
Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO)
When caring for a young, otherwise healthy orthopedic patient requiring immobilization, the healthcare provider can anticipate all of the following EXCEPT...

*A deterioration of skin tone and function *Symptoms of emotional stress *Frequent complaints of sre or aching pain *Periods of dizziness associated with disorientation
Frequent complaints of sore or aching pain
Because of ists nonstatic qualities, the most acceptable material for use in the operating room is?
100% cotton
A patient who has been fitted with a cast should be istructed to return to the medical treatment facility as soon as possible under which of the following circumstances?

*The cast becomes solied *The cast gets wet *The itching becomes unbearable *The extremity affected by the cast is numb
The extremity affected by the cast is numb
While adding items to a sterile field, you think you may have dragged the corner of a wrapper across the field. What should your course of action be?
Dismantle the field and set up a new field.
Skin contact burns can be caused by icebags or hypothermia blankets. T/F
True
Electrical and electronic equipment poses signigicant injury hazards. Of the following, which is the authorized means of reducing this hazard?

*Informing the staff of defective equipment *Having medical repair perform electrical saftey checks on all equipment * Using only two-pron, nongrounded electrical plugs *Repairing frayed cords with electrical tape to prevent shock
Having medical repair perform electrical safety checks on all equipment
One essential practice of medical asepsis is washing your hands before and after changing a pateint's dressing(s). T/F
True
Documentation and analysis of all accidents and injuries is provided for which of the following reasons?

*To forestall negligence or malpractice suits *To identify and punish the responsible person(s) *To identify and correct safety deficiencies *All of the above
To identify and correct saftey deficiencies
Sterilization of individual strands of suture is acceptable for which of the types listed?

*All absorbable suture material *All nonabsorbable suture material *both 1 and 2 above *Stainless steel sutures only
Stainless steel sutures only
Minimizing the spread f an infectious disesse can be accomplished by the use of isolation techniques that may include ...

*Limiting patient contact *establishing pysical barriers *Latex surgical drains *All of the above
All of the above
Which of the following rubber products may be resterilized after use?

*Disposable surgeon's gloves *Surgical suction tubing *Latex surgical drains *Disposable urinary catheters
Surgical suction tubing
What is the preferred method of cleaning an operating room floor betwee operations?
Wet vacuum
For effective sterilization of microbilolgical infectious waste, the temperature of the sterilizing steam muxt be maintained at ___ for at least ___, at ___ per square inch of gauge pressure.
250 Degrees F, 90 minutes15 pounds
Transient and resident bacteria are easily removed from the skin by the friction created during the surgical hand scrub. T/F
True
The sterilization method of choice for most articles used in surgery is?
steam under presure
In the theory of death and ding, it is suggested that most people exhibit five stages. The stage where the terminal patient becomes concerned about the state of his or her affairs and family members is known as the stage of
Depression
Environmental hygiene is directed toward producing a healthy environment and includes such practices as maintaining unit cleanliness and ____.
Providing for adequate ventilation
The surgical hand scrub is performed to _____.
Reduce bacterial to a minimum on the hands and forearms.
When permitted, postoperative patients should be encouraged to ambulate to improve the functions of which of the following physiologic systems?

*Renal system *Digestive system *Cardiopulmonary system *All of the above
All of the above
During a fire evacuation, which of the following procedures is NOT considered appropriate?

*Immediately remove patients to safety *Close all windows and doors *Clear all possible exits *Turn off all oxygen equipment not necessary to sustain life
Immediately remove patients to saftey
Which of the following is an important step in using ethylene oxide gas for sterilization?

*Including surgical blades and sutures in the pack *Ensuring adequate steam pressure in the chamber *Providing protective masks to the operators *Providing an aeration period
Providing an aeration period
Unless otherwise directed by the physician, when one is applying a cast to an arm, the patient's wrists is generally in which of the following positions?

*Flexed about 30 degrees *In any of the above; specific position is immaterial *Extended about 10 degrees *In the neutral position
In the neutral position
When setting up a minor surgery case, you notice that the instrument pack is ourdated. What should you do?
Unwrap and inspecet the pack and if usable, then resterilize it.
Patient falls may be avoided by taking which of the following preventive measures?

*Proper use of bed/gurney siderails *Keeping floors dry and uncluttered *Instructing patients on the proper use of walking aids (crutches, canes, etc.) *All of the above.
All of the above
What source is considered the most frequent reservoir of infectious agents pathogenic to man?
Man