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35 Cards in this Set

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Cranial nerve responsible for sense of smell
Olfactory
Cranial nerve responsible for sight
Optic
Cranial nerve responsible for
eye movement, size of pupils and eye focus
Oculormotor
Cranial nerve responsible for eye movement
Trochlear
Cranial nerve responsible for head and face and chewing movements
Trigeminal
Cranial nerve responsible for abduction of eye (muscle that turns eye outward)
Abducens
Cranial nerve responsible for facial expressions , excretion of saliva and sense of taste
Facial
Cranial nerve responsible for sense of hearing and balance foe equlilibrium sense
Acoustic
Cranial nerve responsible for taste and other sensations of the tongue, swallowing movements, and secretion of saliva
Glossopharyngeal
Cranial nerve responsible for sensations of movement (e.g. decrease in heart rate, increase in peristalsis, and contracting of muscles for voice production)
Vagus
Cranial nerve responsible for shoulder movements, turning movements of head, and voice productions
Acessory
Cranial nerve responsible for tongue movements
Hypoglossal
The number of cranial nerves in the human body
12 cranial nerves
The number of pair of spinal nerves in the human body
31 pair of spinal nerves
The nervous system that consists of nerves that branch out from the central nervous system and connect to other parts of the body.
Peripheral Nervous System
Anterior or ventral
Toward the front of the body
Posterior or dorsal
Toward the back or rear of the body
Medial
Near or toward the midline of the body
Lateral
Farther away from the midline of the body
Interal
Inside
External
Outside
Proximal
Nearer the point of origin or closer to the body
Distal
Away from the point of origin or away from the body
Superior
Higher than or above
Cranial
Toward the head
Caudal
Toward the lower end of the body
Inferior
Lower than the elbow
Erect
Normal standing position of the body
Supine
Lying position of the body, face up
Prone
Lying position of the body, face down
Lateral recumbent
Lying position of the body, either side
Peripheral
The outward part of surface of a structure
Metabolism
The process of absorption, storage, and the use of these foods by the body for growth, maintenance and repair
Homeostasis
The body's self regulated control of its interal environment
This allows the organisms to maintain a state of constancy or equlibrium
Homeostasis