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26 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Skin rxtn to contact with an allergen
Contact Dermatitis
name of skin found on palmar and plantar surfaces
stratum lucidum
-largest organ system in body
-protects and shelters organ
-serves as a protective barrier against the environment
-regulates temp
-receptors for pain,touch, pressure and temp
-acts as an organ of excretion of water, salts and nitrogenous wastes.
-produces cells for wound repair and site of production of vitamin D
Functions of skin
partial or complete hair loss
-can be attributed to genetics, thyroid dysfunction as well as fungal infections.
alopecia
seperation of the nail from the nail bed; color casn vary from white to tan or yellow.
onycholysis
painful, red swelling of the nail
paronychia
"black and blue" mark
ecchymosis
yellow-green to orange cast or coloration.
jaundice
congenital inability to form melanin
albinism
observe for color, bleeding, ecchymosis, vascularity, lesions, moisture, temp, texture, turgor, and edema
inspection of skin
Arrangement
Discrete:seperate:insect bite
Confluent: merge and run together: hives
Annular: circular: ringworm
Grouped or clustered: herpes simplex
Linear: shape of a snake:poison ivy
Generalized:scattered:measles
Zosterform:linear arrangement along nerve root: herpes zoster
arrangement
Lesion Non-palpable
color change only flat and circumscribed less than 1 cm
ex:freckle
macule; primary
non-palpabale
macules larger than 1 cm
patch
something you can feel less than 0.5cm
ex:wart
papule
papules group to form solid lesion greater than 0.5cm
plaque
solid, elevated, can be soft or hard greater than 1cm
ex:cyst
nodule
firm or soft greater than a few cm; same as nodule only greater than 2 cm.
tumor
localized edema in epidermis
ex:mosquito bite
wheal
hives
urticaria
raised fluid filled lesion
elevated cavity filled with free fuild up to 1 cm
ex:herpes simples, chicken pox
vesicle
same as vesicle only greater than 0.5cm
ex:blisters, 2nd degree burns
bullae
circumscribed and elevated pus in cavity
ex:acne
pustule
encapsulated fluid filled cavity in dermis or sub cutaneous elevates skin
ex: sebaceous cyst
cyst
Secondary Skin Lesion
dried serum, blood, pus. color red, honey yellow
crust
flaking; dandruff
scale
layers of skin roughened, result of rubbing
lichenification