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35 Cards in this Set

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RETROVIR
• AZT
NRTI) works in stage 2
RETROVIR
Azt Side effects
anemia may need procrit
monitor CBC
EPIVIR)
or 3TC
NRTI
Used with azt retrovir to slow resistance
Well tolerated
Combivir
Epivir and retrovir/azt in one pill
Videx
NRTI
diarrhea, pancreatitis, neupathy
Videx how to take
on an empty stomach
Zerit
NRTI neuropathy
Zerit and AZT
Cannot be used due to bone marrow toxicity
ZIAGEN
NRTI Hypersensitivity reaction/ skin rash start 2 -6 weeks getff Rash Fever
Emtriva) side effects
– skin pigmentation of palms and soles discoloration
(Emtriva treats
Hep b
Rescrpitor
NNRTI stage 4
Viramume
NNRTI stage 4
sustiva
NNRTI stage
4
sustiva
50% of pts have nightmare
intelence
New NNRTI stage 4
Symptoms of protease inhibitor
• Lipodystrophy
hyperlipidemia
Hiv drug therapy can CAUSE
OSTEOPOROSIS
nORVIR
PI- many drug interactions used with other PIS
KALETRA
sMALL AMOUNT of norvir added to kaletra to enhance drug effect
VIRACEPT
PI Diarrhea main problem
crixivan
PI stage 4 and 5 drink 1.5 lt of water to prevent renal calculi
AIDS WASTING SYNDROME
Medications
steroids marinol, megace, and testosterone in men
• PCP
Most common in pts with AIDS
PCP symptoms
– tachypnea, cough, SOB, fever
PCP Prophylaxis
Septra bactrim start cd4 >200
mycobacterium avium complex)
systemic
mycobacterium avium complex) MAC
Symptoms
– sx are fever, weight loss, anemia, diarrhea, abdominal pain
MAC treated with
clarithromycin or azithromycin with ethambutol or rifabutin or cipro etc
CMV
– affects the eyes and GI tract primarily
– leading cause of blindness and decreased visual acuity
– dx with fundoscopic exam, colonoscopy
– treated with ganciclovir (bone marrow toxicity
• Toxoplasmosis
Usually starts as encephalitis
Toxoplasmosis tx
pyrimethamine plus another
Sandimmune)*
psoriasis RA Very common. Nephrotoxic, HTN, hyperkalemia seizures with prednisone no grapfruit juice
Corticosteroids (Prednisone, etc)*
Osteoporosis- exercise, calcium
Growth delay in children
Hypokalemia
Masks signs of infection, delay wound healing
Behavioral changes
Vascular and skin fragility
Corticosteroids,
Used for many disorders, many side effects
Sodium retention- edema, BP, low Na diet, weigh periodically
Hyperglycemia- blood sugars
Hyperlipidemia- Diet
GI bleeding- with meals, monitor GI symptoms, stool for blood
Cataracts