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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the 2 situation when a nurse can refuse care?
1.Religious reasons
2.Immunocompromised themselves
How is HIV transmitted?
*Blood
*Breast milk
*Semen
*CSF
*Cervial-vaginal secretions
What are the modes of HIV transmission?
*Sexual activity
*Parenteral route
*Mother to fetus
*Breast milk
What are the 2 lab assessments that monitor HIV infections?
1.CD4 counts
2.Viral load
At what point does the infected blood test positive for HIV?
3-12 weeks after exposure.
List the 4 stages of HIV?
1.Acute infection
2.Early chronic infection
3.Intermediat chronic infection
4.Late chronic infection (AIDS)
What is viremia?
High level of HIV in blood.
How long could the early chronic infection stage in HIV last?
7-10 years.
What indicates that the intermediate chronic infection stage in HIV has been reached?
T-cells reach 200-500 and viral load now rises.
What must be found to say HIV is now AIDS?
*T-cells <200
*Develop opportunistic infection
*Develop opportunistic cancer
*Wasting symdrome occurs
*AIDS dimentia
What types of opportunistic infections may occur with HIV?
*Fungal
*Viral
*Protozoal
*Bacterial
What are the goals of the collaborative care of HIV?
Decrease HIV RNA levels, raise T-cell counts, delay symptoms and opportunistic diseases.
What are the types of pharmocotherapy used to treat HIV?
*NNRTI
*NRTI
*NrRTI
*PI
*Fusion inhibitors
How are STDs transmitted?
*Sexual contact
*Blood transfusion
What does Gonorrhea do at childbirth?
Causes eye infection or blindness.
Who is more likely to have symptoms with Gonorrhea?
Men.
What does chlamydia do at childbirth?
Causes conjunctivitis and/or pneumonia.
Who has more symptoms with chlamydia?
Women.
What medication is used to treat chlamydia?
Doxycycline.
What is the incubation time for syphilis?
10-90 days.
What are the 4 stages of syphilis?
1.Primary stage
2.Secondary stage
3.Latent stage
4.Late stage
At what point is syphilis no longer transmitted by sexual contact?
After 4 years.
What is the goal of collaborative management of syphilis?
To eradicate syphilitic organisms.
What is the initial symptom of herpes?
Burning sensation or parathesis at site of incubation.
What causes genital warts?
HPV types 6 & 11.
What is the main type of care for genital warts?
Topical applications.